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Email Content: Poultry Industry News, Comments and more by Simon M. Shane




The March 8th 2019 USDA WASDE projections for the 2019 corn and soybean harvests are based on historical yield and harvest data. The corn acreage to be harvested was determined from planting intentions to be 81.7 million acres (81.8 million in 2018). In 2019 soybeans will be harvested from 88.1 million acres (88.3 million acres in 2018).

The USDA projected corn yield to attain 176.4 bushels per acre, (178.9 bushels in 2017). Soybean yield was projected at 51.6 bushels per acre (52.1 bushels in 2018).

The March USDA projection of ending stock for corn was increased by 5.8 percent to 1,835 million bushels. Ending stock for soybeans will be 1.0 percent lower at 900 million bushels with minimal effect on CME price quotations subsequent to the noon release of the March WASDE.

It is emphasized that projections are based on the presumption of at least a partial settlement of the trade dispute with China followed by restoration of exports to that Nation.


The projection of the corn harvest for 2019 in the WASDE Report will attain 14,420 million bushels consistent with current planting intentions. The projection for 2019 can be compared to the 2018 harvest of 14,420 million bushels and is down 4.8 percent from the 2016 record harvest of 15,148 million bushels. The "Ethanol and Byproducts" category was lowered 25 million bushels to 5,550 m. bushels. Exports were reduced to 2,375 million bushels based on competition from Brazil and Argentine. The "Feed and Residual" category was retained at 5,375 million bushels. Ending stocks will increase 5.8 percent to 1,835 m. bushels. The projected USDA range in farm price was narrowed with a reduction of 10 cents per bushel at the high end to a range of 335 to 375 cents per bushel. At close of trading on March 8th CME quotations for March 2019 and May 2019 corn were 355 cents and 364 cents per bushel respectively, 5.3 percent lower than the trade levels on February 8th.


Harvest Area 81.7 m* acres (89.1 m. acres planted, corresponding to 91.6 % of area harvested)

Yield 176.4 bushels per acre (was175.4 bushels per acre in 2017, 178.9 bushels per acre 2018)

Beginning Stocks 2,140 m. bushels

Production 14,420 m. bushels

Imports 40 m. bushels

Total supply 16,600 m bushels Proportion of Supply

Feed & residual 5,375 m. bushels 32.3%

Food & Seed 1,465 m. bushels 8.8%

Ethanol & byproducts 5,550 m. bushels 33.5 %

Domestic Use 12,390 m. bushels 74.6%

Exports 2,375 m. bushels 14.3%

Ending Stocks 1,835 m. bushels 11.1%

Stock-to- domestic use proportion 14.8% (Was 13.9% in the February 2019 WASDE Report)

Average Farm Price: $3.35 to $3.75 per bushel . (Up 10 cents per bushel on the high end compared to the February 2019 WASDE)



USDA projected the 2019 soybean harvest to be 4,544 million bushels based on a yield of 51.6 bushels per acre. Use parameters were essentially unchanged from the February 2019 WASDE Report with crushings at 2,100 m. tons. Projected exports were retained at 1,875 million bushels presumably in anticipation of a resolution of the trade conflict with China. This figure appears speculative given that negotiations are still in progress. China ceased imports in July 2018 and this nation is usually responsible for an offtake equivalent to 25 percent of U.S. production. Ending stocks were adjusted down to 900 million bushels. The USDA projection of the ex-farm price for soybeans for the 2019 harvest was unchanged from the February WASE to a range of 810 cents to 910 cents per bushel. At close of trading on March 8th CME quotations for soybeans for March 2019 and May 2019 delivery were 883 cents and 895 cents per bushel respectively, lower by 3.6 percent compared to CME quotations on February 8th.

Projected output of soybean meal was retained from the February 2019 WASDE to 49.2 million tons. Domestic use was increased to 35.95 million tons. Exports were retained at 13.75 million tons despite an uncertain trade environment. The USDA retained the projection of soybean meal prices over a range of $295 to $335 per ton. At close of trading on March 8th CME quotations for March and May 2019 deliveries of soybean meal were $299 and $303 respectively, 2.6 percent lower than on February 8th.


Harvest Area 88.1 m. acres (89.2 m. acres planted, corresponding to 98.8% of planted acreage)

Yield 51.6 bushels per acre (was 49.5 bushels/acre in 2017, 52.1 bushel/acre in 2018)

Beginning Stock 438m. bushels

Production 4,544m bushels

Imports 20m. bushels

Total Supply 5,002m bushels Proportion of Supply

Crushings 2,100m. bushels 42.0%

Exports 1,875m. bushels 37.5%

Seed 96m. bushels 1.9%

Residual 31 m. bushels 0.6%

Total Use 4,102 m. bushels 82.0%

Ending Stocks 900 m. bushels 18.0% (was 910m bushels in Feb. WASDE)

Average Farm Price: 810 to 910 cents per bushel (Unchanged from the February 2019 WASDE Report)

Soybean Meal

Beginning Stocks 0.553 m. tons

Production 49.147 m. tons

Imports 0.450 m. tons

Total Supply 50.150 m. tons

Domestic Use 35.950 m. tons

Exports 13.750 m. tons

Total Use 49.700 m. tons

Ending Stocks 0.450 m. tons

Average Price ex plant : $295 to $335 per ton (Unchanged from the February 2019 WASDE))


The price projections based on CME quotations for corn and soybeans suggest stable to slightly increased production costs for broilers and eggs. Going forward, prices of commodities will be determined by World supply and demand and U.S. domestic use and exports.

  • For each 10 cents per bushel change in corn:-

  • The cost of egg production would change by 0.45 cent per dozen

  • The cost of broiler production would change by 0.25 cent per live pound

  • For each $10 per ton change in the cost of soybean meal:-

  • The cost of egg production would change by 0.40 cent per dozen

  • The cost of broiler production would change by 0.25 cent per live pound.



Soybean production was depressed by drought in Brazil Argentine, South Africa and the Ukraine. Mexico and South Africa are expected to import more corn in 2019.

Updated World production and use of total grains and oilseeds is summarized for the 2017/2018 season taking into account Northern and Southern Hemisphere production are:-

Factor m.tons. Coarse grains Oilseeds

Output 1.372 593

Supply 1.742 708

World trade 198 178

Use 1.406 495

Ending stocks 336 122

(1 metric ton corn= 40 bushels) ("ton" represents 2,000 pounds)

Copyright 2019 Simon M. Shane