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Chick-News.com Poultry Industry News, Comments and more by Simon M. Shane

Crop Progress

09/13/2021

Status of 2021 Corn and Soybean Crops

 

The USDA Crop Progress Report released on September 13th documented corn and soybean crop conditions to September 12th compared to 5-year averages. This past week 87 percent of corn was at the dent stage with 37 percent mature. For soybeans 38 percent was dropping leaves consistent with the 5-year averages.

 

Surface moisture levels were relatively lower on average during the past week over the corn-belt attaining an average of 33.0 percent for areas classified in the two lowest categories of “Short” and “Very short”. The severe drought in Western states and the Dakotas continues with extensive wildfires in the Northwest. Topsoil moisture in Iowa was stable this past week at 35 percent compared to 34 percent last week in the two lowest moisture categories. Despite the variable levels of topsoil moisture among states, 58 percent of the corn crop was classified under the “Good” and “Excellent” categories by the USDA, down one percent from last week. The corresponding figure for soybeans was 57 percent, unchanged from last week.

 

The ProFarmer Crop Tour completed three weeks ago, estimated corn yield to range from 175.2 to 178.8 bushels per acre with a mean value of 177.0 bushels per acre compared to the September WASDE value of 176.3 bushels per acre. This corresponded to a projected range for the 2021 corn harvest of 14.965 to 15.265 billion bushels with a mean value of 15.116 billion bushels compared to the September WASDE value of 14.996 billion bushels.

 

The ProFarmer Crop Tour estimated the soybean yield to range from 50.2 to 52.2 bushels per acre with a mean value of 51.2 bushels per acre compared to the September WASDE value of 50.6 bushels per acre. This corresponded to a projected range in the 2021 soybean harvest of 4.347 to 4.525 billion bushels with a mean value of 4.525 billion bushels compared to the September WASDE value of 4.374 billion bushels.

 

CHICK-NEWS and EGG-NEWS will report on the progress of the two major crops as monitored by the USDA through the end of the 2021 harvest in November.

 

Reference is made to the September 10th WASDE Report #616 and the Acreage Report retrievable under the STATS tab for projected 2021 acreage and yields. This data will be updated when WASDE #617 is released on Friday October 8th with a firmer projection of yields and ending stocks.

 

 

WEEK ENDING

 

Crop

September 5th

September 12th

5-Year Average

Corn Dough (%)

Corn Dented (%)

Corn Mature (%)

Corn Harvested (%)

100

74

21

-

100

87

37

4

100

81

31

5

Soybeans setting pods (%)

Soybeans dropping leaves (%)

100

18

100

38

100

29

Crop Condition

18 States

V. Poor

 Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

Corn 2021 (%)

Corn 2020 (%) 1

1. Late planting

5

5

10

10

27

25

44

46

14

14

Soybeans 2021 (%)

Soybeans 2020 (%)1

1. Late planting

4

3

10

8

29

26

46

50

11

13

Parameter 48 States

V. Short

Short

Adequate

Surplus

Topsoil moisture %: Past Week*

18

31

48

3

Past Year

13

25

56

6

Subsoil moisture %: Past Week

20

31

47

2

Past Year

14

26

55

5

 

For topsoil moisture the major corn and soybean-producing states had an average of 33.0 percent in the “Very Short” and “Short” categories (last week 34 percent) with a range of 4 percent for PA to 47 percent for IN.

  • Iowa 35% (was 34%)
  • Illinois 33% (was 25%)
  • Indiana 47% (was 36%)
  • Kansas 45% (was 40%)
  • Kentucky 22% (was 16%)
  • Michigan 38% (was 53%)
  • Missouri 33% (was 28%)
  • Ohio 40% (was 24%)
  • Pennsylvania 4% (was 16%)

 
Copyright © 2021 Simon M. Shane