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Chick-News.com Poultry Industry News, Comments and more by Simon M. Shane

Status of 2019 Corn and Soybean Crops

10/13/2020

The USDA Crop Progress Report released on October 13th documented corn continuing to mature and soybeans dropping leaves ahead of the 5-year average due to the earlier start in 2020. Nearly half of the 2020 corn crop has been harvested, twice the volume at this time last year. Almost two thirds of the soybean harvest is in, three times the rate during the corresponding week of last year.

 

The condition of both corn and soybean crops deteriorated in late August and early September as a result of drought. The condition of corn and soybeans has improved following rains in the Midwest and both crops are moderately superior to the 2019 season. Iowa and N. Dakota stand out as having poor soybean condition. Corn in Iowa, Colorado and Pennsylvania is suboptimal in quality contrasted to Minnesota, Wisconsin and Kentucky with corn superior to other states. 

 

Subsoil and surface moisture levels denote some relief from drought conditions except in Western and Pacific states. Both topsoil and subsoil moisture levels are similar to the past week. The corn-belt has experienced unseasonal high temperatures in combination with elevated humidity that may predispose to mycotoxicosis in the 2020 corn harvest. CHICK-NEWS and EGG-NEWS will report on the progress of the two major crops as monitored by the USDA through the end of the 2020 harvest in November.

 

Reference is made to the October 9th WASDE Report #605 in this edition, documenting actual 2020 acreage, and projected yields and ending stocks for corn and soybeans. The Pro Farmer 7-State Crop Tour projected corn and soybean yields of 177.5 and 52.5 bushels per acre. These were respectively, lower than USDA estimates that were revised to 178.4 and 51.9 bushels per acre in the October 9th WASDE Report.

 

 

WEEK ENDING

 

Crop

October 4th

October 11th

5-Year Average

Corn Mature (%)

Corn Harvested

87

25

94

41

87

32

Soybeans Dropping Leaves (%)

Soybeans Harvested

85

38

93

61

90

42

Crop Condition

V. Poor

 Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

Corn 2020 (%)

Corn 2019 (%) *

* late planting

5

4

9

11

25

30

46

44

15

11

Soybeans 2020 (%)

Soybeans 2019 (%)*

 * late planting N/A

3

4

8

10

26

32

49

45

14

9

Parameter

V. Short

Short

Adequate

Surplus

Topsoil moisture: Past Week

20

33

43

4

Past Year

10

16

55

19

Subsoil moisture: Past Week

17

33

47

3

Past Year

10

18

56

16


 
Copyright © 2020 Simon M. Shane