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Chick-News.com Poultry Industry News, Comments and more by Simon M. Shane

Crop Progress

10/12/2021

Status of 2021 Corn and Soybean Crops

The USDA Crop Progress Report released on October 12th documented corn and soybean crop conditions to October 10th compared to 5-year averages. This past week 94 percent of the corn crop was mature, 8 percent ahead of the 5-year average. Forty one percent has been harvested. For soybeans 91 percent of the crop was dropping leaves ahead of the 5-year average and 49 percent has been harvested, an advance of 15 percent in a week and ahead of the 5-year average of 40 percent.

 

Surface moisture levels were relatively higher during the past week over the corn-belt attaining an average of 20.2 percent for areas classified in the two lowest categories of “Short” and “Very short”. The severe drought in Western states and the Dakotas continues with extensive wildfires in the Northwest and low levels in the Colorado waterway and dams. Topsoil moisture in Iowa improved this past week to 43 percent compared to 46 percent last week in the two lowest moisture categories. High topsoil moisture levels consistent with rain at the time of harvest will result in higher moisture levels in corn with a propensity for mycotoxicosis.

 

Despite the variable levels of topsoil moisture among states, approximately 60 percent of the corn crop was classified by the USDA under the “Good” and “Excellent” categories, up one percent from last week. The corresponding figure for soybeans was 59 percent, also up one percent from last week.

 

The ProFarmer Crop Tour completed five weeks ago, estimated corn yield to range from 175.2 to 178.8 bushels per acre with a mean value of 177.0 bushels per acre compared to the October WASDE value of 176.5 bushels per acre. The ProFarmer evaluation corresponded to a projected range for the 2021 corn harvest of 14.965 to 15.265 billion bushels with a mean value of 15.116 billion bushels compared to the October WASDE value of 15.019 billion bushels.

 

The ProFarmer Crop Tour estimated the soybean yield to range from 50.2 to 52.2 bushels per acre with a mean value of 51.2 bushels per acre compared to the October WASDE value of 51.5 bushels per acre. The ProFarmer evaluation corresponded to a projected range for the 2021 soybean harvest of 4.347 to 4.525 billion bushels with a mean value of 4.525 billion bushels compared to the October WASDE value of 4.448 billion bushels.

 

CHICK-NEWS and EGG-NEWS will report on the progress of the two major crops as monitored by the USDA through the end of the 2021 harvest in November.

 

Reference is made to the October 12th WASDE Report #617 and the Acreage Report in this edition for projected 2021 acreage and yields. This data will be updated when WASDE #618 is released in mid-November with a final projection of yields, ending stocks and markets.

 

 

WEEK ENDING

 

Crop

October 3rd

October 15th

5-Year Average

Corn Dented (%)

Corn Mature (%)

Corn Harvested (%)

100

88

29

100

94

41

100

86

31

       

Soybeans Dropping leaves (%)

Soybeans Harvested (%)

86

34

91

49

89

40

       
         

Crop Condition

18 States

V. Poor

Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

Corn 2021 (%)

Corn 2020 (%) 1

1. Late planting

5

5

10

9

25

25

45

46

15

15

Soybeans 2021 (%)

Soybeans 2020 (%)1

1. Late planting

4

3

10

7

27

26

46

50

13

14

Parameter 48 States

V. Short

Short

Adequate

Surplus

Topsoil moisture %: Past Week*

15

27

51

7

Past Year

20

33

43

3

Subsoil moisture %: Past Week

19

29

48

4

Past Year

17

33

47

3

 

For topsoil moisture the major corn and soybean-producing states had an average of 20.2 percent in the “Very Short” and “Short” categories (last week 23.2 percent) with a range of zero percent for PA to 43 percent for IA.

 

  • Iowa 43% (was 46%)
  • Illinois 21% (was 24%)
  • Indiana 12% (was 20%)
  • Kansas 42% (was 46%)
  • Kentucky 14% (was 14%)
  • Michigan 4% (was 8%)
  • Missouri 29% (was 41%)
  • Ohio 7% (was 10%)
  • Pennsylvania 0% (was 0%)

 
Copyright © 2021 Simon M. Shane