Poultry Industry News

Meat Exports


U.S. Broiler and Turkey Exports, January-March 2024.                   




Total exports of bone-in broiler parts and feet during January-March 2024 attained 846,031 metric tons, 9.6 percent lower than in January-March 2023 (935,942 metric tons). Total value of broiler exports decreased by 3.0 percent to $1,113.9 million ($1,148.5 million).


Total export volume of turkey products during January-March 2024 attained 49,831 metric tons, 29.9 percent more than in January-March 2023 (38,373 metric tons). Total value of turkey exports increased by 7.7 percent to $140.7 million ($130.7 million).


Unit price for the broiler industry is constrained by the fact that leg quarters comprise over 97 percent of broiler meat exports by volume (excluding feet). From the first quarter of 2021 through 2022, unit value of leg quarters increased consistent with international demand followed by a decline in 2023. Leg quarters represent a relatively low-value undifferentiated commodity lacking in pricing power. Exporters of commodities are subjected to competition from domestic production in importing nations. Generic products such as leg quarters are vulnerable to trade disputes and embargos based on real or contrived disease restrictions.


HPAI has emerged as a panornitic affecting the poultry meat industries of four continents with seasonal outbreaks. The incidence rate and location of cases in the U.S. limits eligibility for export depending on restrictions imposed by importing nations


Ongoing outbreaks of African swine fever in China and Southeast Asia from early 2019 and Europe from 2010 onwards reduced the availability of pork. In addition, disruptions in chicken production and logistics due to COVID restrictions decreased availability of protein with international repercussions on trade in chicken and pork. The demand for pork imports to China has diminished with restoration of domestic hog production to the extent of overproduction. Mild oversupply is evident in the white-feathered broiler sector with implications for exports other than feet extending into 2024.




During January-March 2024 the National Chicken Council (NCC), citing USDA-FAS data, documented exports of 835,492 metric tons of chicken parts and other forms (whole and prepared), down 9.1 percent from January-March 2023. Exports were valued at $855.5 million with a weighted average unit value of $1,388 per metric ton.


The NCC breakdown of chicken exports for January-March 2024 by proportion and unit price for each category compared with the corresponding months in 2023 (with the unit price in parentheses) comprised:-



Pilgrim’s Pride Faces Contractor Lawsuit


In an anticipated ruling, 2,400 broiler contractors have been granted certification as a class in their lawsuit against Pilgrim’s Pride Corporation.  The specific case is part of a series alleging collusion by integrators to reduce grower remuneration.  The Plaintiffs allege that integrators functioned in accordance with no-poach agreements and shared information informally and also indirectly through a benchmark cost reporting system in wide use. 


During January 2023 Sanderson Farms reached an agreement with eight defendants. Tyson Foods, Perdue Farms and Koch Foods have settled with defendants for a total of $50 million to date.


Mosa Meat Raises VC Funding


Mosa Meat of Holland has raised $43 million in a funding round led by LowerCarbon Ventures among others.


Maarten Bosch, CEO of Mosa Meats, stated, “The overall macroeconomic landscape has been rough in the last two years, that has culled the herd of companies and forced us to be even more strategic and focused on achieving our mission.”


Previously, the Company raised $55 million to expand pilot production.  The current expenditure will be to scale up to commercial production.  This step appears to be a major restraint to marketing cell-cultured meat since no company appears to have broken the barrier of consistently achieving commercial scale production in bioreactors.


At this stage, cell-cultured meat appears to be a giant black hole for venture capital funding with some estimates placing investment north of $2 billion since inception of the concept with little to show for the expenditure. Apart from the problem of production at a competitive cost, parliaments in France and Italy and state legislatures in the U.S. have imposed either outright bans as in Florida and Alabama or are to require onerous labeling requirements that are essentially discriminatory and to protect conventional livestock production. 


As with plant-based meat substitutes, affluent consumers may be willing to sample the product but long-term growth through universal acceptance will only be achieved at a comparable cost to conventional meat and with similar organoleptic properties and flexibility in preparation of a range of meat dishes.  Non-quantifiable attributes including environmental benefits will not be sufficient to justify a price differential or contribute to preferential purchase if texture or taste is inferior to protein from animals and poultry.


There appears to be more support for cell-cultured meat in the E.U. compared to the U.S. but production and economic restraints will determine the future of cell-cultured meat. Production at this time has not progressed beyond limited pilot scale.  The image of the embryonic industry has not been helped by unsubstantiated hype and in some cases, deliberate deception by unethical companies desperately seeking venture capital funding to survive until the next round.


Outbreak of GBS in Guatemala are Waning


The Pan-American Health Organization and the World Health Organization have become involved in an investigation of an extensive outbreak of Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) in Guatemala.  A total of 87 cases have been documented with five fatalities localized in two regions in the nation.  The first cases were detected in November 2023 ceasing in early March.


GBS is an infrequent sequel of campylobacteriosis affecting approximately one in 1,000 cases.  The condition is characterized by muscular weakness extending to paralysis and is attributed to an autoimmune response against nerve tissue stimulated by antigens produced by a specific strain of Campylobacter jejuni.  GBS usually occurs within weeks of an acute gastroenteritis characterized by bloody diarrhea.  An initial investigation of the Guatemala cases disclosed deficiencies in food preparation and in personal hygiene leading to campylobacteriosis.


Health officials in Guatemala are continuing their epidemiologic investigations and motivating acceptable practices in food preparation.

There is low prevalence of GBS among those recovering from campylobacteriosis estimated at 1 in 1,000 cases. Unfortunately the consequences of the condition justify suppression of Campylobacter jejuni through the entire production chain of poultry meat considered to be a major vehicle of infection. At this time there is no effective pre-harvest method to prevent intestinal colonization of flocks.  Fortunately, post-harvest measures including chlorination and other approved additives to spin chiller water and carcass washes lowering levels of Salmonella will also reduce the extent of surface contamination with Campylobacter.  Thorough cooking destroys foodborne non-spore forming bacterial pathogens. 


Poultry Industry Establishes Task Force on Child Labor


Following revelations of illegal employment of minors to clean packing and processing plants, USPOULTRY in association with the National Chicken Council and the National Turkey Federation has established a task force to share industry best practices relating to prevention of child labor. The group will include company representatives with expertise in HR, communications and employment law.


This action is paralleled by the Meat Institute whose members have come under criticism for employing, directly or indirectly, children as young as 14 on nightshifts to clean equipment and facilities in contravention of both state and federal laws.  The most recent case involves a chain of plants in California used minors in deboning and further processing operations.  The owners and company were collectively fined and will have to repay $4.8 million in back wages and damages to close to 500 workers in addition to penalties. 


Fayette, Inc., based in Tennessee, was subject to a $650,000 fine as a result of employing 24 children in plants owned by Seaboard Triumph Foods, LLC in Sioux City, IA. and Perdue Farms in Accomac, VA.  The case involving Packers Sanitation Services, Inc. that provided labor for meat plants in the Midwest through 2023 was the most publicized case of egregious and widespread employment of minors.


Underage workers are usually recruited from the local community to join cleaning teams.  In the course of investigations, the Department of Labor referred possible trafficking allegations to the Department of Justice for additional action.  A large number of unaccompanied minors have entered the U.S. across the southern border, and are exploited by recruiters who in turn provide services to established U.S. companies processing livestock and poultry. 


The Meat Institute has developed a Best Practices document to enable plant management to verify age and employment eligibility.  Both fines and negative publicity should deter packers and processors from simply handing off responsibility to labor contractors given the consequences of unfavorable media attention and inevitable lawsuits.


The action by USPOULTRY and two of the associations representing major segments of the poultry industry is commendable.   Children have no place in processing and packing plants where they are exposed to corrosive chemicals and hazardous equipment as evidenced by injuries and deaths reported during the past two years.


USPOULTRY Funds ILTV Genome Typing


Using funding provided by USPOULTRY, Dr. Maricarmen Garcia of the University of Georgia applied MinION Nanopore sequencing to distinguish among genomic types of infectious laryngotracheitis virus.


From July 2023 through March 2024, 100 samples from 90 field outbreaks were genome-typed using a multiplex PCR MinION sequencing assay.  Of the 97 samples that were evaluated, 78 were identified as genome type (GT) VI.  Nineteen samples were classified as GT IV, corresponding to chick embryo origin vaccine, previously responsible for widespread field outbreaks.


The PCR MinION assay will add to the knowledge of ILT epidemiology and will contribute to developing appropriate prevention strategies including biosecurity and immunization.


Beyond Meat Reports on Q1 FY 2024


In a press release dated May 8th Beyond Meat Inc. (BYND) announced results for the 1st Quarter ending March 30th 2023. The Company beat a consensus revenue projection of $75.2 million but loss exceeded the anticipated $(43.1) million. BYND fell 13.5 percent in after-hours trading following the release attributed to the wider loss and a weak forecast.    


The following table summarizes the results for the period compared with the values for the corresponding quarter of the previous fiscal year (Values expressed as US$ x 1,000 except EPS)


1st Quarter Ending:

March 30th 2024

April 1st 2023

Difference (%)





Gross profit /(loss):




Operating income/ (loss):             




Pre-tax Income/ (loss)

Net Income/ (loss)







Diluted earnings per share:




Gross Margin (%)




Operating Margin (%)




Profit Margin (%)




Long-term Debt: March 30th ‘24 / Dec. 31st ‘23




12 Months Trailing:




           Return on Assets    (%)




           Return on Equity    (%)




           Operating Margin   (%)




           Profit Margin          (%)




Total Assets: March 30th ‘24 / Dec. 31st 2023




Market Capitalization May 10th ‘24/July1st 2023




* ‘+’ denotes improvement (or ‘less bad’)


R&D expenditure declined 67 percent from Q1 2023 to $9.9 million or 13 percent of revenue

S&G expenditure declined 9.7 percent from Q1 2023 to $47.3 million or 65 percent of revenue  



For Q1 FY 2024:-

52-Week Range in Share Price:  $19.25  to  $5.58    50-day Moving average  $7.54

Forward P/E: Neg.                  Beta 2.4

Insiders hold 9.2 percent of equity, Institutions 37.3 percent.




For Q1 2024:

     U.S. sales represented 65.3 percent and International 34.7 percent

          Of U.S sales 75.1 percent were through retail channels, unchanged from Q1 2023

            Of International sales 48.0 percent were through retail channels, up from 42.8 percent in Q1 2023


Average unit revenue in Q1 2024 for all sales attained $4.56/lb. compared to $4.67/lb.

          during the corresponding quarter of 2023.


Guidance for FY 2023 included:

      Net revenue of between $315 and $345 million.

      Gross margin of mid- to high ‘teens.

      Operating expenses $170 to $190 million

      Capital expenditure $15 to $20 million

      Continued negative cash flow


In commenting on results Ethan Brown president and CEO stated:-  “In Q1, we made solid progress against our 2024 priorities, including: hitting our first quarter revenue objective; reducing operating expenses and cash consumption year-over-year; bringing production in-house to reduce costs and improve quality; and commencing shipments of Beyond IV, the fourth generation of Beyond Burger and Beyond Beef, to our customers, to the praise of nutritionists and consumers alike.”


Brown concluded “Together with measures we are exploring to bolster our balance sheet, we continue to work to position 2024 as a pivotal year as we strive to achieve sustainable and profitable operations.”


Despite this optimistic commentary the reality includes:-

  • An accumulated deficit of $1,135,614 million.
  • Trailing 12-month negative operating cash flow of $97.5 million
  • Inventory of $122,538 represents 1.6 times Q1 FY 2024 sales
  • Effective October 30th 45.1 percent of float was short
  • Share price of $7.15 on May 8th off 62.8 percent over past 12-month high of $19.25
  • Institutional holdings declined from 63 percent to 37 percent over past year.


USPOULTRY Workshop on the Public Health Information System


On April 17th, USPOULTRY arranged a workshop developed by the Food Safety Advisory Committee to consider aspects of the Public Health Information System.  Attendees representing the poultry meat industry were provided with instruction on accessing and navigating the system including downloading of data and aspects of addressing non-compliance records.

USPOULTRY will continue to provide additional information through workshops, seminars and reports posted on the Association website.



Jennie-O Turkey Store to Consolidate Hatching Operations


With the initiation of operations by Nest One a combination of HeadStart Hatching and Next Nest Hatching, Jennie-O Turkey Store will close hatcheries in Barron, WI in June and subsequently their facilities in Henning and Foley, MN.


Head Start Hatching and Next Nest Hatching were formed under Life-Sciences Innovations.  The joint-operation will be managed by Jonathan Huisinga, a fourth-generation participant of the turkey industry.  The Nest One Hatchery will be equipped with HatchTech incubation installations including a patented hatcher that allows poults to feed and drink after they hatch and dry, contributing to increased viability and livability.  The Nest One facility was planned over an extensive period with construction commencing in the fall of 2022 and completion in January 2024.  With incremental production, the facility has now attained projected capacity allowing Jennie-O to terminate existing activities and consolidate hatching in one modern unit.


In the most recent quarterly investors’ call Hormel CEO Jim Snee noted, “The modernization and investments have set up our plant, people and brand for growth by enabling us to more efficiently achieve our mission of meeting the needs of our customers and consumers with innovative products and services.”


The Barron, WI complex will cease operations during the current quarter and the plant will be repurposed for value-add further processing.


Aviagen Awards Graduate Scholarship


Aviagen has announced Ms. Yingxin Zhao as the 2023 recipient of the Poultry Science Scholarship.  Ms. Zhao is a graduate of the University of Alberta and will undertake doctoral studies relating to meat quality, working with a major producer in the Province.


Ms. Zhao commented, “This scholarship not only supports my academic pursuits, but also affirms the value of my research in the broiler meat industry.”  She added, “Thank you Aviagen and the Canadian Poultry Research Council for the scholarship award”.


Matt Klassen, Account Manager in Canada for Aviagen stated, “Ms. Zhao embodies the future of the Canadian poultry industry and Aviagen is proud to support her journey.” Aviagen is a longstanding supporter of the Canadian Poultry Research Council and will continue to invest in initiatives that promote a sustainable future for the poultry sector.


South Africa Extends Anti-Dumping Duties


According to USDA-FAS GAIN Report SF2024-009 released on May 3rd, the Government of the Republic of South Africa has extended anti-dumping duties on U.S. origin, bone-in frozen chicken.  Currently U.S. poultry is imported into South Africa under a tariff rate quota that rebates anti-dumping duties provided that volume is lower than the TRQ limit of 71,632 metric tons specified for 2022-2023. 


U.S. chicken is still non-competitive with poultry from other nations eligible for a tariff rebate.  The South African International Trade Commission ruled that anti-dumping duty rebates and poultry tariff rebates are not “mutually exclusive”.


The Foreign Agricultural Service is making appropriate representations to the International Trade Commission and the South African Revenue Service to reconsider what must be regarded as a discriminatory ruling. Despite the TRQ only half the U.S. quota was imported in 2022-2023 due to competition from other exporters and domestic supply.


For the record exports to the RSA have declined successively since 2020:-

Year    Importer rank  Metric Tons

2020             11th         88,798

2021             14th         79,450

2022             14th         55,449

2023             18th         44,324


Micro-Tracers Completes Phase II of Wastewater Treatment Study


During February 2023, Micro-Tracers, Inc. in collaboration with University of Arkansas, was awarded a USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant as part of the Meat and Poultry Processing Research and Innovation (MPPRI) program. This program aims to improve the supply chain resilience of small and mid-size meat and poultry processors through emerging technologies, sustainability and food safety.


The collaborative project focuses on a chlorine-free method that safely and cost- effectively inactivates pathogens in poultry wastewater. Generating these disinfectants on-site, in wastewater reduces hazards associated with handling of chemicals and contributes to worker safety. This application also reconditions wastewater without toxic residues, making it environmentally friendly and ideal for water reuse applications while providing real-time process monitoring to ensure the safety of poultry products. 

In 2023, pilot-scale equipment was designed and built and utility was validated. Both E.coli and Salmonella were inactivated in treated wastewater through the in-situ generation of oxidants. These included hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals and singlet oxygen. Quantitative analyses of bacterial survival showed decreases in colony forming units by two to four orders of magnitude.


The principle of the application is the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that induce oxidative stress leading to bacterial death.When molecular oxygen undergoes electrochemical reduction, the resulting molecules and metallic ions further reduce pro-oxidants to form highly-reactive hydroxyl radicals through the Fenton reaction. Simultaneous photodynamic reactions generate another ROS, singlet oxygen contributing to bacteriolysis.


Continuation of Phase III research in 2024 will focus on commercialization and integration of pilot equipment into existing poultry processing, sanitation and cleaning systems. Remote trials are in progress at the Agricultural Research and Extension Pilot Processing Plant of the University of Arkansas, Poultry Science Department in addition to the Natural State Processing Facility in Clinton, AR. 

Micro-Tracers, Inc. established in 1961 has acquired extensive experience collaborating with senior technical staff at poultry integrations in the U.S. and abroad. By adopting improved water reuse applications, small to mid-sized poultry producers can improve sustainability, supply chain resiliency and generate enhanced profitability.


Rabobank Predicts Broiler Growth in Asia


Nan-Dirk Mulder, Senior Analyst at Rabobank anticipates a four to five percent annual growth rate in poultry production in South Asia and Southeast Asia through 2030.  Growth is anticipated due to an increase in population and a growing preference for poultry meat.  His projection suggests that supply will come from domestic production with only Thailand expanding their export market.  Mulder envisages restructuring of poultry production with greater integration and modernization.  Expansion will also involve marketing of poultry meat through a cold chain, disfavoring live-bird markets.

Rabobank recognizes investment opportunities in Southeast and South Asia both in poultry production and the cultivation and processing of oilseeds.


Seaboard Corporation Reports on Butterball Subsidiary for Q1 2024


Seaboard Corporation is the majority shareholder in Butterball LLC with 52.5 percent of equity The subsidiary is ranked as the second largest turkey producer in the U.S.


The Seaboard Corporation SEC 10-Q filing recorded net income from Butterball of $7 million  corresponding to a Q1 net income for Butterball of $13.5 million based on shareholding. The Company statement noted:- “Net income for Butterball decreased $33 million for the three-month period of 2024 compared to the same period in 2023. The decrease in net income was primarily the result of a $38 million decrease in sales due to a 7 percent decrease in the average selling price related to a decline in commodity pricing and a 3 percent decrease in volumes sold. The decrease in sales was partially offset by a 14 percent decrease in production costs, primarily related to lower feed costs. Management is unable to predict market prices for turkey products or the cost of feed for future periods; however, management anticipates this segment will be profitable for the remainder of 2024”.


At the end of FY 2023 on December 31st 2023, Butterball LLC posted assets of $1,120 million, with $172 million represented by goodwill and intangibles.  Given total liabilities of $408 million the shareholders’ equity is $702 of which $365 million accrues to the majority shareholder.


NCBA Supports Electronic ID for Cattle


The National Cattlemen’s Beef Association supports the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Program to introduce electronic ID ear tags.  The objective is to enhance traceability especially in the event of an outbreak of an exotic disease.  The recent emergence of bovine influenza-H5N1 is an example of how APHIS could regulate and control movement of both lactating and immature cattle to prevent dissemination of the infection.  Previously the need for positive and rapid traceability was demonstrated in investigation of cases of rare spontaneous atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy.

Although the NCBA is concerned over cost, USDA has provided $15 million in funding to support the transition from existing “dumb” ear tags subject to detachment and fraud to a more effective and secure system.


Penalty for Fraudulent Use of FSIS Inspection Stamp


Rhode Island Beef and Veal Inc. and owner Michael Quattrucci were found guilty of fraud by claiming that uninspected meat products had passed federal inspection.  The verdict resulted in a $20,500 fine for the company and three years of federal probation and a $1,000 fine, and one year of federal probation for the owner. 

The USDA-FSIS terminated federal inspection of the plant on August 20th for cause. Rhode Island Beef and Veal continued to process carcasses, fraudulently applying the USDA mark.  Subsequent inspection confirmed the violation resulting in the guilty plea and penalty.


Maple Leaf Foods Reports on Q1 FY 2024


In a press release dated May 2nd Maple Leaf Foods Inc. (MFI-TO) announced results for Q1 FY 2024 ended March 31st 2023.


The following table summarizes the results for the period compared with the values for the corresponding quarter of the previous fiscal year (Values expressed as US$ x 1,000 except EPS (conversion of CAN$1=US$0.73)


1st Quarter Ending March 31st.



Difference (%)





Gross profit:




Operating income:             




Pre-tax Income

Net Income/ (Loss)1







Diluted earnings per share:




Gross Margin (%)




Operating Margin (%)




Profit Margin (%)




Long-term Debt and lease obligations2:




12 Months Trailing:




           Return on Assets    (%)




           Return on Equity    (%)




           Operating Margin   (%)




           Profit Margin          (%)




Total Assets

 Intangibles and goodwill  as % of assets






Market Capitalization February 22nd.




1.  Restructuring charge: Q1 2023, $5.6 million;

2.  Other expenses: Q1 2024, $0.9 million: Q1 2023, $3.1 million



52-Week Range in Share Price:  $15.71  to  $23.09   50-day Moving average  $17.01

Forward P/E 30.5      Beta  0.5


Insider shareholding 40.0%. Institutional shareholding 25.8%

In commenting on Q4 results Curtis Frank president and CEO stated “In the first quarter of 2024, we delivered Adjusted EBITDA of $116 million, 55% higher than the same period last year. With sales growth within our prepared meats portfolio, and a sequential improvement in our meat protein Adjusted EBITDA margin to 10.8%, and a 310 basis point improvement over last year, we took a meaningful step forward toward delivering our full business potential”.


Frank explained,  “The modest decline we saw in overall sales compared to Q1 2023 was primarily a function of sourcing decisions to reduce outside purchases in poultry and pork, impacting sales in the short term while setting us up to deliver on our plans moving forward.


He concluded, “Looking ahead, we expect the momentum in our business to continue to accelerate. Pork headwinds, while still a challenge, are easing, and our attention is squarely on executing our refreshed Strategic Blueprint,” continued Frank. “With a powerful platform of brands, a network of world-class assets and our leadership in sustainability, we have the right strategy and team in place to drive growth in Canada, accelerate our reach in the U.S. and fully realize the benefits of our recent capital investments.”


The Company provided the following comments on strategy and guidance:-

“The Company has combined its Meat and Plant Protein businesses and aligned its organizational structure to focus on its growth potential in key markets, drive operational efficiencies, and provide clear accountability for strategic execution. Based on this realignment and focus as a protein company, as of the first quarter of 2024, Maple Leaf Foods is reporting its business and operational results as a consolidated protein company, to align with how management monitors and measures business performance. With these changes, the Company believes it is positioned to achieve a consolidated Adjusted EBITDA margin target of 14% to 16% in normal market conditions. Previously, the Company's Adjusted EBITDA margin target of 14% to 16% in normal market conditions was solely for meat protein. The Company achieved an Adjusted EBITDA margin for meat protein of 10.8% in the first quarter of 2024”.


“As a consolidated protein company, Maple Leaf Foods has two operating units: Prepared Foods and Pork, which represent on average approximately 75% and 25% of total Company revenue respectively. Prepared Foods combines the operations of prepared meats, plant protein, and poultry, which represent on average approximately 50%, 5% and 20% of total Company revenue respectively”.


It will no longer be able to evaluate the plant-protein business or to confirm that this previous segment achieved profitability. It appears that Maple Leaf Foods has followed the approach of “if you can’t fix it, bury it”!


Tyson Foods Inc. Reports on Q2 of FY 2024


In a press release dated May 6th Tyson Foods Inc. (TSN) announced results for the 2nd quarter of FY 2024 ending March 30th 2024. TSN posted lower revenue than the $13,100 anticipated but was higher on adjusted earnings ($0.62 vs. $0.39).


The following table summarizes the results for the period compared with the values for the corresponding quarter of the previous fiscal year (Values expressed as US$ x 1,000 except EPS)


Second Quarter Ending

March 30th 2024

 April 2nd 2023

Difference (%)





Gross profit:




Operating income (loss):             




Pre-tax income (loss)

Net income (loss)







Diluted GAAP earnings per share






Gross Margin (%)




Operating Margin (%)




Profit Margin (%)




Long-term Debt and other liabilities:




12 Months Trailing:




           Return on Assets    (%)




           Return on Equity    (%)




           Operating Margin   (%)




           Profit Margin          (%)




Total Assets*:March 30th ‘24/Sep.30th 2023




Intraday Market Capitalization                            May 6th 2024/March 31st2023





* Goodwill and intangibles 42.3 percent of total assets



52-Week Range in Share Price of TSN:  $44.94 to $61.71.  50-day Moving average,  $57.43

Market Close: Friday May 3rd $61.93. Monday May 6th Open post release, $61.02.


Forward P/E 27.0                  Beta 0.8


The Chicken Segment attained sales of $4,065 million ($4,430 million in Q2 FY 2023) representing 31.1 percent of Company revenue. GAAP operating income attained $158 million in Q2 representing 50.5 percent of net Company operating income. Operating loss in Q2 FY 2023 was $(258) million.  For the Chicken Segment the report stated:- “The USDA projects chicken production will be up 1.0% in FY 2024”. Anticipated adjusted operating income for the segment was forecast at $700 to $900 million for FY 2024. Improvement in the Chicken Segment is attributed to lower feed cost estimated at $190 million for Q2 and reduced operating expenses with consolidation following closure of six plants in four states.


For comparison among Tyson Foods’ business segments the adjusted operating income (loss) in Q1 2024 were respectively:- Pork, $(1) million; Beef, $(35) million; Prepared Foods $230 million and International $(40) million.


In commenting on results Donnie King, president and CEO stated, “During the second quarter, we continued our positive momentum and made progress on our key initiatives. The strategies we have implemented are delivering tangible results, as evidenced by our return to year-over-year bottom line growth." He added, "Looking to the back half of the year, we will continue to focus on executing the fundamentals and leveraging our multi-protein portfolio. We are energized by our progress to-date and laser-focused on driving long-term value."


Despite improved Q2 earnings TSN fell on negative comments during the investors’ call suggesting headwinds in Q3.


Guidance for FY 2024 included Revenue unchanged from FY 2023. Adjusted operating income for the Company was raised to $1.4 to $1.8 billion with Prepared Foods contributing $850 to $950 million. Capital expenditure was projected at $1.2 to $1.4 billion. In the Q2 2013 report Tyson Foods projected $1 billion in savings from the “Productivity Program” by the end of 2024 although this prediction was not confirmed as a quantitative value in the most recent quarterly report.



Pilgrim’s Pride Corp. Reports on Q1 FY 2024


In a press release dated May 1st Pilgrim’s Pride Corp. (PPC) announced results for the 1st Quarter FY 202 ending March 31st 2023. The quarterly figures showed positive earnings for all three segments with higher revenue and operating profit across all three geographic areas. Earnings were appreciably above Q1 2023 and exceeded consensus estimates on both revenue and earnings for Q1 2024.


The following table summarizes the results for Q1 2024 derived from the SEC 10-Q form and the Company release. Values are compared with the corresponding Q3 FY 2022 (Values expressed as US$ x 103 except EPS)


1st Quarter 2024 and 2023, Ending

March 31st 2024

March 26th 2023

Difference (%)





Gross profit:




Operating income:             




Pre-tax Income

Net Income*







Diluted earnings per share:




Gross Margin (%)




Operating Margin (%)




Profit Margin (%)




Long-term Debt and other liabilities1:




12 Months Trailing:




           Return on Assets    (%)




           Return on Equity    (%)




           Operating Margin   (%)




           Profit Margin          (%)




Total Assets (21.6% intangibles)




Intraday Market Capitalization

May 6th ‘24/ Dec 31st ‘23





1. March 31st 2014/ December 31st 2023.

  • Q1 2024, $10.3 million interest income (Q1 2023, $36 million)
  • Q1 2024  $3.3 million miscellaneous income (Q1 2023, $22.7 million)
  • Q1 2024  $4.3 million gain in foreign currency transactions (Q1 2023 $22.7 million loss)


Operating income and sales posted by the three business segments during Q1 2024 were:-

      U.S.      71.7 percent of company operating income on 59.1 percent of sales

      Europe  12.4 percent of company operating income on 29.1 percent of sales

      Mexico  15.9 percent of company operating income on 11.8 percent of sales


52-Week Range in Share Price of PPC:  $19.96 to $36.99.  50-day Moving average,  $34.05

Market Close: May 1st pre-release    $35.54.

             Close: May 2nd post-release $35.95.


Current Forward P/E 14.6    Beta 0.8  

Equity held by insiders and holding Company: 82.6 percent, Institutions, 17.0 percent


In commenting on Q4 results Fabio Sandri, CEO stated “Although we experienced depressed market conditions and persistent consumer inflation throughout 2023, we saw this as opportunity to enhance our competitive advantage. To that end, we focused on consistent execution of our strategies, controlling what we can control, and maintaining investment in our operations. These efforts further strengthened our business, accelerating our profitable growth as market conditions evolved,”


Sandri continued “During the first quarter, the U.S. continued to improve as Big Bird realized significant benefits from enhanced operational efficiencies and market fundamentals. Case Ready and Small Bird continued to grow from increased distribution to Key Customers, promotional activity, and the value of chicken to consumers. Prepared Foods also drove significant growth in both retail and food service through branded offerings, further diversifying the portfolio.


Addressing Europe, Sandri noted “Consumer inflation and labor costs continue to be challenging. Nonetheless, the team secured additional business with retail Key Customers, drove branded growth above category averages, and identified further

In relation to Mexico, Sandri observed, ”We improved through a combination of enhanced supply and demand fundamentals in the commodity market, increased Key Customer partnerships, and further momentum of branded offerings”.


Sandri concluded, “Our strategies continue to demonstrate their effectiveness as we’ve grown ahead of the markets with our Key Customers. Similarly, our branded portfolio continues to gain acceptance throughout the market, further diversifying our portfolio. When these efforts are combined with our operational excellence initiatives to expand capacity, we can further drive our profitable growth,”


Arizona Enacts Meet Labeling Bill


The State Senate of Arizona has enacted a more moderate version of the State House Bill requiring labeling of cell-cultured meat and poultry products.  The House version would have banned the terms “meat” and “poultry” on cell-cultured products.  The amended version will require labeling that specifies that the product was not derived from a live-animal. As a result of the modification, the bill has been transformed from protectionist to informative in intent.



Wingstop Reports on Q1 FY 2024


On May 1st Wingstop Inc. (WING) reported on Q1 ending March 30, 2024. Results exceeded consensus estimates on revenue by 7.2 percent and on earnings by 27 percent. For the period, total revenue including royalties and advertising fees attained $145,789 million. Net income was $28.8 million with a diluted EPS of $0.98. For Q1 FY 2023, total revenue was $108.7 million with net income of $15.7 million and a diluted EPS of $0.52.


Comparing Q1 FY 2024 with Q1 2023, revenue was up 34.1 percent and operating margin was 31.6 percent compared to 26.4 percent.


For Q1 growth in same-store sales attained 21.6 percent and digital orders represented 68.3 percent of systemwide sales.  At the end of Q1 Wingstop operated 2,279 locations of which 98 percent were franchised including 305 international units. The chain was extended by 65 locations during Q1.


In commenting on Q1, Michael Skipworth CEO stated, “Our fiscal first quarter 2024 showcased the momentum behind the Wingstop brand and the continued strength of our strategies, delivering same-store sales growth driven almost entirely by transaction growth,” He added, “Our domestic average unit volume exceeded $1.9 million, further strengthening returns for our brand partners and is strengthening our development pipeline, which gives us confidence in our ability to scale Wingstop into a Top-10 Global Restaurant Brand.”


Guidance for FY 2024 included low double-digit growth in domestic same-store sales.


The company posted total assets of $412.3 million of which $167.8 million comprised intangibles including goodwill, trademarks and ‘relationships’.  The company carries long-term debt of $730.8 million. 


Wingstop has a market capitalization of $11,410 million and has traded over 52-weeks in a range of $150.08 to $396.00 with a 50-day moving average of $368.85. The company generated a twelve-month trailing operating margin of 29.3 percent and a profit margin of 16.8 percent.  The return on assets attained 19.1 percent.  Shareholding is held almost entirely by institutions, but on April 15th, 6.9 percent of the float was short. 


USDA posted a wholesale price of $2.31 per pound for cut wings for the week ending April 19th.  According to the April 24nd USDA Cold Storage Report, there was a 19.6 percent decrease in inventory of wings on March 31st 2024, compared to the corresponding date in 2023 with a stock of 51.8 million pounds. During March 2024, inventory fell 1.7 percent reflecting stable demand despite sports events associated with consumption of chicken wings.


Pittman Family Farms to Pay Additional Sewer and Water Fees to Sanger City


Following the expansion of Pittman Family Farms, in 2017, water consumption and effluent discharge increased proportionally to production.  The expansion represented an apparent additional requirement of 700,000 gallons of water per operating day.  The City of Sanger is now requiring payment for the additional water and sewage fee amounting to $1 million to be paid by October of 2025.


Strange how they missed 700,000 gallons per day for six years! Pittman Family Farms is a significant employer in Sanger City and the adjustment was negotiated amicably.


USDA-AMS Purchases


On May 1st, the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service announced purchase of chicken products for child nutrition and related food assistance programs to be delivered during June 2024.

Purchases included:


  • Bulk chilled chicken            864,000 lbs.  @ $1.52/lb.
  • Bulk chilled chicken legs     936,000 lbs.  @ 35.3 cents


The total value of the purchase was $2,022,804


Proposed Final Rule on Salmonella in Raw Breaded Stuffed Chicken Products


The USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service has proposed that the presence of Salmonella at a level of 1 CFU per gram in raw breaded stuffed chicken products would constitute adulteration.  This is effectively a zero tolerance for any Salmonella irrespective of pathogenicity in this class of product.


The problem of salmonellosis arises from failure by consumers to read and follow clear label instructions to prepare raw frozen breaded products.  The appearance of frozen chicken Kiev and chicken cordon bleu, with a slight browning, may confuse those who are either negligent or illiterate. This would result in their thawing and heating products in a microwave or for short duration in an oven.  Failure to reach 165 F for at least 30 seconds through the entire product will allow Salmonella that may be present to remain viable.  The number of confirmed cases of salmonellosis attributable to consumption of raw breaded stuffed chicken products in the U.S. is extremely small in relation to the volume of consumption.  It is however likely that infection from breaded chicken products is under-reported.  Through 2022, Canada experienced a disproportionate incidence of salmonellosis attributed to breaded stuffed raw chicken products.


Predictably the National Chicken Council is opposed to the FSIS proposal.  In the first instance, declaring Salmonella in any product as an adulterant can be regarded as a slippery slope. This is especially in view of the petitions submitted by William Marler requesting that a range of pathogenic Salmonella serotypes be regarded as adulterants in any chicken product.


The NCC response appears a little extreme noting that, “200 million servings of these products will be lost, and 5,100 people will lose their jobs and that the proposal will drive small producers of this product out of business entirely.”  The NCC response continues, “the Council remains confident that these products can be prepared and consumed safely and NCC member companies will continue to work day-in and day-out to implement sound, science-based safety programs that will continue to make Americas most popular protein even safe.” There are science-based solutions available.  Electron beam irradiation would effectively destroy Salmonella and Campylobacter but the technology analogous to an X-ray, although safe and effective, is considered to be unacceptable by consumer advocacy organizations.   


Since it is evident that precautionary labeling and education are not absolutely protective,

the question arises as to why the industry is marketing a raw product.  If cooked to the critical temperature, foodborne non-spore forming pathogens would be destroyed and all those claimed jobs would be saved!


It is currently a question of conjecture whether the proposed action by USDA-FSIS is justified in relation to the balance between the public good and the financial impact on the industry.  What does stand out is the optics of the NCC, representing the chicken industry, opposing on the basis of financial impact, what consumers may regard as an acceptable regulatory action, irrespective of validity or potential benefit.


Final Chapter on Cooks Venture


Following a Chapter-7 Bankruptcy filing, on April 19th, Cooks Venture Poultry Inc. will be wound up with no property available to pay creditors including venture capital firm Cultivian Sandbox.


The company was established in 2018 by Matt Wadiak, an ardent environmentalist with a questionable business record.  The intent was to establish an environmentally sustainable broiler production operation using heritage strains with inherently low growth potential. Product was to be marketed through a direct-to-consumer channel.


Despite optimistic projections of demand and price point and an apparently unrealistic cost of production, the enterprise foundered as expected given the highly speculative business model. The demise of the Company was inevitable despite the eleventh-hour appointment of Blake Evans as CEO.


The dissolution of the company has left 90,000 growing birds on farms in the vicinity of Decatur, AR. operated by contractor-shareholders, without provision to to pay for feed or to arrange for processing and marketing.



Fieldale Installs Solar Installation


Fieldale Corporation based in Baldwin, GA. has established a six-acre installation in partnership with Georgia Power.  The array will generate 1.5 megawatts at peak, generating 185,000 kilowatt hours per month.  This is equivalent to the consumption of 200 domestic homes and will offset 1.8 million lbs. of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere each year. 


The press released did not indicate whether any state or federal funds were used to establish the solar array.  An ongoing program administered by USDA has made available funds for environmental projects to conserve energy and to install renewable generation of power.



Olymel to Close Quebec Poultry Plant


Olymel a large Canadian meat-processing cooperative based in Quebec has announced that the Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu facility will close in mid-July.  The decision was based on declining production volume and the need to reduce operating expenses through consolidation among existing plants.  The decision will affect 135 workers including 53 foreign employees who will receive assistance in applying for relocation to other Olymel facilities and for positions with other companies.


Olymel has returned to profitability through a program of restructuring and rationalizing the product mix implemented by CEO Yanick Gervais, appointed to the position in 2021.


Plant Owner now Liable for $3.8 Million over Wage Theft


Tony Bran the owner of five poultry processing plants in La Puente and City of Industry, CA is apparently liable for back wages totaling $3.8 million.  Bran’s companies include Exclusive Poultry, Meza Poultry, Valtrierra Poultry, Sullon Poultry, Nollus’s Poultry.


The Department of Labor (DOL) Wage and Hour Division investigated the companies and has determined that workers were underpaid from August 1, 2020 and September 28, 2023.


Bran allegedly employed workers as young as 14 years of age to perform deboning that is forbidden as a “dangerous job” classification.  Minors employed in the plants worked beyond statutory hourly limits were not paid overtime. In addition Bran’s companies retaliated against employees who cooperated with DOL investigators.


Huvepharma Launches Coccidiosis Vaccine for Turkeys


Huvepharma has received approval and has released a trivalent oocyst vaccine for turkeys.  The product incorporates three species, Eimeria adenoeides, E. meleagrimitis and E. gallopavonis.


The Huvepharma turkey coccidiosis vaccine is intended to provide optimum protection with minimal post-vaccination reaction.  The oocyst suspension can be administered orally or by hatchery spray.


According to Dr. Steven Clark, Turkey Technical Services Manager at Huvepharma, “Turkey coccidiosis continues to be a top concern of the industry.”  He added, “We are proud to produce another approach to control coccidiosis in turkeys.”


The Huvepharma turkey coccidiosis vaccine is the only available product providing protection against three Eimeria species that impact turkeys. Coccidiosis interacts with viral, protozoal and bacterial intestinal pathogens.  Coccidiosis is a significant detractor from live performance and hence profitability.


Danish Crown Consolidating Production Facilities


Faced with declining demand for pork and the challenges of African swine fever, Danish Crown a major multinational pork producer has announced the intended closure of the Ringsted Packing Plant, currently employing 1,200.


Jais Valeur, Group CEO stated, “It is a heavy decision to close the abattoir in Ringsted but is a necessary measure in our efforts to develop Danish Crown as a modern food company.”  He added, “In making these changes we are doing all we can to improve efficiency at the abattoirs and to sell many more processed products to our key European customers.”


The production capacity at Ringsted will be transferred to other plants in Denmark. It is intended to offer positions at these facilities to displaced employees.  Savings from closing the Ringsted plant will be applied to improve efficiency at four other facilities, creating 300 new positions over three years.


Since 2021, Danish Crown has followed a strategy of providing further-processed pork items and has invested in production capacity in other markets including the U.K.


The decision to rationalize production and to concentrate on higher-value items parallels the recent decisions by Tyson Foods in the U.S. and Olymel in Canada to close obsolete or unprofitable plants and to consolidate production capacity.



House of Raeford Plant in Aiken SC. on Hold


According to news reports, the proposed House of Raeford broiler plant is unlikely to proceed in the selected location in South Carolina. The Aiken City Council has declined to change an ordinance to approve the facility.  The problem relates to available wastewater treatment capacity.  According to the County Council, the City of Aiken can process a maximum of 500,000 gallons of additional capacity per day with the proposed plant requiring 1.7 million gallons using current wastewater treatment technology.


South Carolina Governor Henry McMaster, is in favor of the project based on job creation and the substantial economic impact. He noted, “I am committed to assist in identifying state funding to help address water and sewer infrastructure so that Aiken County will accommodate both the House of Raeford plant and to have sufficient capacity for future growth.”


The discrepancy between available wastewater processing capacity in Aiken County and the needs of House of Raeford should have eliminated the location for a proposed plant in the initial site evaluation. Failure to identify this preeminent restraint suggests a lack of coordination in conducting the preliminary feasibility study.


The need for a new plant is indicated by the age of the West Columbia plant erected in 1959 and acquired by Raeford in 1998. The location in an area undergoing gentrification is now inconsistent with the community and is engendering opposition to its presence based on odor and depression of property values.



Processor Sues City of Dawsonville, GA.


Generally public authorities sue processors in the event of contamination arising from wastewater discharge. In a recent legal action Gold Creek Foods, LLC. filed a lawsuit against the City of Dawsonville, GA over surcharges, penalties and threatened termination of water and sewer service. Gold Creek Farms has operated in Dawsonville for two decades and uses close to 200,000 gallons of water each week.


In their petition, the Company noted that termination of water would result in displacement of 400 employees.  Gold Creek Foods disputes the justification for surcharges and penalties relating to the quality of wastewater from the plant.  The Company pre-treats wastewater before discharging to the City sewer system and wastewater complies with EPA standards.  The Company maintains that testing carried out by the City is inappropriate and discriminates against Gold Creek Foods, the sole source of industrial wastewater.


Aviagen Presenting Focused Workshops


Aviagen in collaboration with Jamesway Incubator Company presented a hatchery workshop on April 8th to 11th at the Aviagen Development and Training Center in Albertville, AL.  Presenters included members of the Aviagen Global Incubation Team and specialists affiliated with Jamesway.


Eddy van Lierde, Global head of Incubation Services stated, “Attendees at the North American Hatchery Workshop experienced a blend of theoretical knowledge and practical insight into embryo development to improve hatchery performance.”  He added, “Aviagen is committed to ensuring our customers’ success providing them with the latest technology to achieve continuous improvement in their hatchery and businesses.”


Dr. Keith Bramwell, Director of Hatchery Consultancy for Jamesway observed, “We are honored to collaborate with Aviagen on this well-attended workshop.  It is always a pleasure to share our knowledge with hatchery managers and improve operations.”


Aviagen will collaborate with allied industry suppliers to present short modules that will complement the production courses including the month-long Production Management School.  The focused modules will be presented throughout the year and will address specific management topics benefiting Aviagen customers.


Comparison of Fast Versus Slow Broiler Growth


A preliminary release on April 15th by USPOULTRY addressed Project #719 Longitudinal Assessment of Skeletal and Cardiac Structures in Broilers Reared Under Slow Versus Fast Growth Rate Regimen and its Relation to Lameness, Ascites and Woody Breast Condition.


The study conducted by Dr. Prafulla Regmi of the Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia addressed critical issues in live broiler production.  Due to the restrictions placed by major journals on release of specific data prior to publication, release of results will be deferred to an appropriate time.  The USPOULTRY release did however include the comment that restricting growth rate can influence welfare parameters but the frequently quoted 50 g per day growth rate promoted by welfare activists is invalid.  The breaking strength of bones is not increased by reducing growth rate.


CHICK-NEWS will review the article and its implications on publication and will comment on data in relation to production programs.


E.U. Broiler Production in 2024


According to USDA-FAS GAIN Report E42024-06 released on February 27th, projected broiler production among E.U. nations will increase by 0.8 percent from calendar 2023 to 11.11 million metric tons.  Imports will attain 750,000 metric tons representing 6.8 percent of production.  Exports will rise to 1.67 million metric tons or 15 percent of production.  Net exports will therefore represent 8.2 percent of production at 0.92 million metric tons.  Given an E.U. population of 450 million, projected per capita consumption will amount to 22.6 kg (49.8 lb.) approximately half that of U.S. consumption.


Restraints to output include highly pathogenic avian influenza that has persisted since 2021.  Other hindrances include environmental restraints with limits on nitrogen emissions in the Netherlands and Belgium.  Although the price of ingredients has declined, production costs in France remain high and are limiting output. Economists forecast increase demand for chicken based on the competitive price and availability of pork and beef.

A major issue of contention is the importation of chicken from Ukraine without duty following E.U. regulation 2023/1077.  Poland, the largest producer in the E.U. has requested limits on the importation of broiler products from their eastern neighbor.


Although the U.K. represents a strong market for E.U. chicken, supplied mainly from Poland and Germany, there is now increased supply from Brazil, Thailand and Ukraine. Competition from Brazil, the consistently low-cost supplier has eroded markets for the E.U. in Africa, the Middle East and especially South Africa.




Interview with Dr. James Barton- Promoting Ancera Technology to Monitor Pathogens


Dr. James Barton has gained extensive experience in the poultry industry in the Southeast and California regions of the industry.  He is currently applying Ancera technology to solving practical problems throughout the poultry industry.  Recently EGG-NEWS had the opportunity to review his activities in the areas of reducing the impact of coccidiosis and Salmonella infection.



CHICK-NEWSJames, please share your background and experience with our Subscribers.


Dr. James Barton:  My earliest memories of poultry production involved visits to the Animal Science Building at the University of Arkansas with my father Dr. Lionel Barton, who was the Extension Poultry Specialist for the state.  At an early stage I realized that poultry was a growing industry and wanted to contribute to progress in feeding people.


CHICK-NEWS:  Your formal training?


Dr. James Barton:  After three years of a pre-veterinary BS in Agriculture at the University of Arkansas I entered the LSU School of Veterinary Medicine, graduating in 1990.  I applied for and completed a residency in poultry veterinary medicine through the University of California Diagnostic Laboratory System. This enabled me to gain experience in broilers, egg production and turkeys.  Satisfying requirements, I earned Diplomate status in the American College of Poultry Veterinarians in 1992.  Subsequent practical experience allowed me to become a Charter Diplomate of the American College of Animal Welfare.


CHICK-NEWS:  Please describe your industry experience.


Dr. James Barton:  My first professional appointment was with Indian River in Texas as the veterinarian responsible for flock health and technical service both in the U.S. and for international customers.  I accepted a position with Zacky Farms in California working with broilers and turkeys as the company veterinarian.  I was subsequently offered and accepted a position with Cargill Turkeys in Arkansas that involved nine years of managing flock health, establishing a Salmonella control program, and initiating an animal welfare program.  From 2006 to 2009 I was responsible for flock welfare at Tyson Foods, requiring the implementation of procedures to demonstrate compliance with the emerging animal welfare expectations of customers and society.  At the request of the Arkansas Poultry Federation, I modernized the NPIP-approved laboratory while maintaining a consulting practice in the broiler, turkey, and layer industry.


CHICK-NEWS:  When did you join Ancera?


Dr. James Barton:  I was excited to become a member of the Ancera team in 2020 because of their advanced technology that offered food producers the opportunity to focus pathogen monitoring on financial objectives.  Ancera’s platforms provide insights that enable better decision making to maximize profits by lowering cost and increasing production.  Through the unique coccidia-monitoring program, it is possible to quantify the amount of coccidia exposure so that live production managers and vets can move off a failing program quicker and stay on an effective program longer.  Optimizing coccidia control has become even more necessary with the adoption of drug-free and NAE broiler production.


CHICK-NEWS:  How is the program implemented?


Dr. James Barton:  Individual fecal samples are analyzed at our laboratories with a novel diagnostic device called PIPER, which specializes in high-quality, high-throughput microbial enumeration techniques. The basic oocyst per gram data are converted into a graphical image representing the status of the house, farm, and complex over time.  More importantly, Bayesian modeling expresses the current coccidia control status relative to optimal performance expected from the specific control program.


CHICK-NEWS:  Ancera is now applying technology to monitor Salmonella.  Please elaborate.


Dr. James Barton:  Ancera has acquired the global commercial rights for technology developed by Dr. Nikki Shariat at the University of Georgia which involves identification of the CRISPR gene sequences that are unique to Salmonella serotypes. By commercializing this technology and building a user-friendly software platform, our first integrator customers are monitoring the prevalence of their KPI serotypes and getting new visibility into transmission risk patterns. Ancera believes that the future of pre-harvest control of Salmonella infection will depend on recognizing that each Salmonella serotype has a specific behavior – rather than trying to treat Salmonella as a generic organism.  Because traditional Salmonella culture techniques select for the serotypes that are best adapted to artificial media, the presence of multiple serotypes within a flock is overlooked very, very often.  The serotypes that are missing detection in the live flocks can be the ones that are problematic in post-chill carcasses, parts, and ground poultry meat.  Ancera believes that it is necessary to have a close relationship between poultry health and quality control teams within a production company to achieve effective control of potential foodborne pathogens.


CHICK-NEWS:  What does Ancera offer for the future?


Dr. James Barton:  We are very close to launching an assay for Total Viable Bacteria (TVB) that will be independent of culture technology. We are also well down the path of developing a quantitative assay for Clostridium perfringens based on fecal counts that will be valuable in managing programs to inhibit necrotic enteritis and potentially related infections. Finally, we regularly hear from customers about the need to objectively understand whether their vendors’ products used in control programs and interventions are working as intended. We’re excited to share some new developments in this area shortly.


CHICK-NEWS:  Do you have any observations based on your extensive experience?


Dr. James Barton:  The post-DVM training programs should reevaluate the advanced education of poultry veterinarians given the need to base technical decisions on the financial performance in an industry that continues to undergo consolidation.  It is imperative that technical experts become even more involved in quantifying the return on investment from products and management practices – driving the management decisions with effective messaging, based on high quality evidence.


Superior Farms Faces Denver Ballot Initiative


Superior Farms has operated within the city of Denver for decades.  The company processes  mutton and is the last remaining abattoir in the City that once was the terminal of cattle trails hosting extensive stockyards. A 2024 ballot initiative will determine the fate of the company in its present location.  The proposed ordinance is intended to eliminate slaughtering operations in the City of Denver. The justification is not on the basis of nuisance, odor, pressure on effluent treatment as would be expected but is advanced by the deliberate misnomer of ‘welfare’. It is evident that the proponents of the ballot initiative are appealing to sentiment with the true agenda of veganism obscured by the concept of welfare. This is evidenced by the wording of the ballot that included “to promote community awareness of animal welfare, bolstering the City’s stance against animal cruelty and in turn to foster a more humane environment in Denver.” 


Superior Farms slaughters lambs and processes carcasses through to case presentation.  The plant employs 160, of whom 80 percent are Denver residents. Rick Stott, CEO maintains that despite polls showing even levels of either support or rejection “voters will resonate with a message of saying it’s not fair to target a particular business.”  Superior Farms operates a facility in Dixon, CA.  


Forced closure of the plant in Denver would reduce the supply of domestic lamb to the U.S. market that will simply be substituted by imports from New Zealand and Australia. Even if the ballot initiative fails the proponents will be back in two years. They recognize the vulnerability of Superior Farms and the publicity associated with an eventual victory. Success in pro-vegan ballots generates funding for the organizers and reinforces a feeling of self-satisfaction through aggressively promoting a lifestyle that is opposed to intensive livestock production.


USPOULTRY Approves Research Projects


In an April 8th release, USPOULTRY and the USPOULTRY Foundation approved funding amounting to $363,000 for three research projects dealing with poultry meat production. 



These comprised: -

  • Necrotic enteritis in chickens: understanding the immunological basis of host immunity North Carolina State University
  • Cross-sectional and longitudinal epidemiologic investigations of Ornithobacterium in commercial turkeys.  Iowa State University
  • Technology for poultry hatcheries to simultaneously deliver vaccines and prebiotics.  University of Delaware



Veterinary Welfare Association Supports Petition to FSIS


In September 2023, animal welfare association Animal Partisan filed a petition with FSIS urging local and state investigation and prosecution of overt abuse of livestock in abattoirs.  The Veterinary Association of Farm Animal Welfare (VAFAW) supports the petition but deviates from Animal Partisan in maintaining that states do not have the right to supersede federal officials with respect to oversight of welfare.  The VAFAW has requested the FSIS to interact with local and state agencies in the event of any deviations from the Federal Meat and Poultry Inspection Acts.


USDA inspectors are empowered to close plants by suspending inspection in the event of abuse.  Referring cases to local or state officials is a reasonable action and could serve to strengthen welfare by focusing management attention on this aspect of plant operations.


Federal Agencies Issue MOU on Animal Welfare


The Environmental and Natural Resources Division of the Department of Justice (DOJ); the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and the USDA Office of General Counsel have issued a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on civil and judicial implementation of the Animal Welfare Act. In the event of an overlap among federal agencies, MOUs designate the relative jurisdiction and responsibilities and coordination of activities including the sharing of information and enforcement.  


Following an infraction of the Animal Welfare Act the Federal government can implement civil action through the DOJ requiring federal district court action.  In most cases, the APHIS can pursue administrative enforcement that can involve a warning with a settlement agreement with or without imposing a monetary penalty.  APHIS has the authority to suspend or revoke licenses, issue cease-and-desist orders and impose civil penalties through the administrative law process.


The MOU establishes a priority for repeat offenders and egregious violators.  Plants that will receive attention include facilities with a history of multiple citations or involving noncompliance.  Licensees considered for suspension will have previously denied inspectors access or operate with defective records or exhibit a pattern of interference with inspectors. The MOU will facilitate coordinated action by the agencies involved.


The MOU is probably a response to a petition by animal rights and welfare organizations to allow local law enforcement and judicial agencies to intervene in cases of alleged deviations from the Animal Welfare Act.


Additional information can be obtained from the APHIS website www.aphis.usda.gov/awa/enforcement



Risk Assessment Recommends Concentration on Virulent Salmonella Serotypes


A recent study by Dr. Matthew Stasiewicz at the University of Illinois indicated that regulatory concentration on high levels of known virulent Salmonella serotypes would benefit public health.  To date, Salmonella standards have been based on prevalence resulting in an evident reduction in recovery from processed poultry. Unfortunately there has not been a corresponding reduction in the incidence rate of chicken-related salmonellosis among consumers. 


The risk assessment concluded that specific products with high levels of pathogenic serotypes should receive attention in order to develop appropriate control modalities.  Dr. Stasiewicz suggested that programs focusing on generic prevalence of Salmonella may contribute to the emergence of more pathogenic serotypes such as Salmonella Kentucky.


The risk assessment was supported by a grant from the USPOULTRY Foundation.


Georgia Opposes U.S. EPA Effluent Guidelines


The Attorney General of Georgia, Chris Carr, has joined 26 other Attorneys General to oppose the Effluent Limitations Guidelines proposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.


Opposition to the proposed guidelines is based on the high cost of compliance that would increase the price of meat, poultry and egg products to consumers.  It is estimated that with the more stringent guidelines, EPA jurisdiction over 150 processing plants would be increased to 3,000 facilities.


The letter submitted by the AGs noted “Evident escalation in the intensity of regulations issued by federal agencies, harms the integrity of our judicial system and this Administration should stop abusing the legal system to achieve results it otherwise cannot get”.  Legality of the Effluent Limitations Guidelines is questioned since the proposed rule would extend the statutory authority of the Environmental Protection Agency under the Clean Water Act.



Hormel Foods Agrees to $11.7 Million Settlement


Hormel Foods has agreed to pay three classes of Plaintiffs in a suit alleging collusion on pork prices.  Commercial indirect purchasers will receive $2.4 million, direct pork purchasers, $4.8 million and consumer indirect purchasers, $4.5 million.


Collectively, there were 146 claimants in 27 cases that were consolidated during December 2022.


The settlement by Hormel Foods follows a June agreement by Seaboard Foods to pay the class of direct purchasers $9.8 million to settle the lawsuit.


Costco Changes Packaging for Rotisserie Chicken


Costco is undertaking a five-year action plan to reduce the use of plastic packaging.  The company markets close to 150 million rotisserie chickens annually, currently presented in two-part PET containers.  Following test in Canada, the Company has introduced a flexible plastic bag with insulating capability for their chickens.  The change will reduce plastic use for this application by 75 percent, representing a saving of 17 billion pounds of resin annually and a reduction of 4,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide released.  This, according to a Company claim will be equivalent to the output of 1,000 trucks annually when fully implemented across 850 warehouses globally.


Tim Wahlquist responsible for Costco packaging stated, “The goal is to reduce packaging waste while still protecting products, ensuring food safety and complying with laws and regulations. As a corporate policy, Costco will replace plastic packaging with potentially recyclable content as feasible alternatives become available.



Department of Labor Aggressively Investigating Child Labor


The Department of Labor has filed lawsuits against three California poultry processors alleging violations of child labor law.  The Wages and Hours Division has been reviewing plant employment records and conducting inspections uncovering “oppressive child labor at poultry processing facilities.” According to the submissions by the Department of Labor the three companies concerned employed children under the age of 18 to debone poultry in contravention of child labor laws.


Defendants include L&Y Food Inc., Moon Poultry Inc. and JCR Culinary Group Inc. and their three respective managers in their personal capacities.


The Department of Labor was granted an injunction embargoing products from the plants although there was evidence that the restraining order was defied.  The Agency alleged that the defendants obstructed investigations including review of employment data.


Proposed California Ban on Locomotive Emissions Opposed


The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has requested the EPA to allow California to issue regulations to limit emissions by locomotives.  The proposed requirements would include:-


  • Decommissioning of locomotives older than 23 years at the beginning of 2030,
  • Impose reporting requirements and administrative fees
  • Require railroads to shut down other than zero-emission locomotives when transiting in certain areas.


The proposal has resulted in considerable opposition including the National Chicken Council and ninety federal and state agencies and infrastructure associations.  A joint letter to the Director of the EPA stated, “If the CARB regulations are authorized by EPA, we believe freight rail carriers and their customers would be significantly hindered financially and operationally”. Clearly the proposed requirements presume technology that is currently unavailable or will be impractical to implement.


The proposed CARB restrictions appear to be preempted by federal law that allows the Surface Transportation Board to exercise jurisdiction over the operation and activities of freight railroads in interstate commerce.


Subscribers will recall the difficulties encountered by Foster Farms in obtaining adequate quantities of corn due to reduced rail transport during COVID and 2023 labor action against railroad operators, resulting in litigation and appeals to the Surface Transportation Board.


Integrators Settle Over Wage Claims


Case Foods and Mountaire Farms have agreed to pay $8.5 million and $13.5 million respectively to the class of workers alleging collusion in setting wage rates.


The lawsuit was filed in 2019 and claimed interaction among employers to agree on wage rates and to indirectly share information through AgriStats®.


Recently Perdue Farms settled for $60 million, but there are eighteen integrators still named as defendants.


Tyson Foods Responds to Questionable Claim by Cody Easterday


Cody Easterday currently serving an 11-year prison sentence for defrauding Tyson Foods of $144 million has filed suit against the Company.  At issue, is a claim that Easterday was offered a share of the profits from sales of meat products designated “Cody’s Beef” marketed in Japan.


Cody claimed $100 million for using his name and image on product labels.  His original filing with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit was dismissed but Easterday is persisting in his litigation.  Tyson Foods categorically rejects the claim based on the absence of any proof relating to any obligation by Tyson Foods to share in profits.


KFC Introducing Saucy Nuggets


KFC has introduced five new sauces for their white-meat chicken nuggets.  Priced at $5.99 for ten, Saucy Nuggets are available with one of three new flavors and two held over by demand.  They include honey sriracha, Korean BBQ, sweet and sour, natural hot and Georgia gold honey mustard.


India to Allow Importation of Duck Meat


According to USDA-FAS GAIN report IN2024-0015 released on March 25th India will allow importation of duck meat. During early March, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry authorized imports of premium frozen duck meat in accordance with a harmonized tariff system.


Import duties for duck meat have been reduced with expectations of shipments to the Nation from the U.S albeit it in competition from producers in the E.U. and Asian nations including Thailand and China.


Vegan Promoters Ambivalent over Florida Cultured Meat


Legislation banning the sale of cell-cultured meat in Florida, will take effect on July 1st, 2024.  This legislation is essentially a “feel-good” measure in response to political pressure since there will not be any commercially available cell-cultured meat on July 1st, 2024, or for that matter, in the foreseeable future.


Vegan advocates consider that cell-cultured meat would be an improvement over conventional beef, pork and chicken based on welfare and environmental criteria.  Organizations opposing animal agriculture are also pushing the health aspects of non-meat diets citing an unproven scientific relationship between intake of dietary cholesterol and cardiovascular disease in otherwise healthy consumers.


Delmarva Producers to Improve Environmental Management Practices


The Delmarva Chicken Association and the Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay will fund a $2 million program over three years to promote best management practices for producers on the Delmarva Peninsula.


Funds will be used to improve riparian buffers and apply enhanced conservation, drainage and litter management.  The intent is to reduce the release of nitrogen and phosphorous into Chesapeake Bay.


Participating farmers will be eligible for cost-share conservation initiatives including planting of trees, establishing pollinator areas between houses and around retention ponds.


Missouri Plant Protein Labeling Statute Upheld


The U.S. District Court for the Western district of Missouri ruled as constitutional the 2018 statute relating to potential misrepresentation of vegetable-based products as meat.


The Missouri statute, according to the court, did not prohibit commercial speech and was in accordance with the First Amendment.  Turtle Island Foods, manufacturer of Tofurky, clearly labels its product as being ‘plant-origin’.


Missouri Attorney General, Andrew Bailey, stated, “Ensuring that the truth of products sold within the state of Missouri is of importance to both consumers and the farmers and ranchers that produce food.”  The Missouri Cattlemen’s Association welcomed the judgment, noting “The legislation in no way prohibited the sale of consumption of these imitation products but it did require truthful and accurate labeling.  Misleading consumers is unacceptable.”


Opponents of restricted legislation maintain that consumers are not confused by meat substitutes with labels that clearly indicate plant-based origin. These products are usually placed in display areas separate from animal-derived meat and with clear labeling of packages.


Chick-fil-A Antibiotic Transition from NAE to NAIHM


Chick-fil-A has dropped the strict No Antibiotics Ever (NAE) to a modified No Antibiotics Important to Human Medicine (NAIHM).  The Company has not specified the compounds that will be allowed but if this includes ionophore anticoccidial there will be a benefit to producers with no adverse effect for consumers.  Ionophores are not regarded as “antibiotics” in the E.U. but because the compound suppresses some intestinal bacteria they were unjustifiably included as “antibiotics”, with respect to the FDA classification.  If the Chick-fil-A standard allows the  use of feed additive bacitracin, there will be no deleterious effect since this compound is not used for human medicine other than as a topical application and does not contribute to the emergence of antibiotic resistance.  Inclusion of bacitracin in broiler diets will suppress Clostridium spp. responsible for necrotic enteritis and gangrenous dermatitis.


It will be interesting to observe consumer response to the change in policy that will probably rise to the level of a large yawn. This will hold providing the chain maintains quality and value and can assure customers of ongoing welfare in production that conforms to the NCC standards.


The action by Chick-fil-A parallels the earlier announcement by Panera Bread and could initiate a trend among QSRs and mid-priced supermarket chains to adopt a more realistic policy on antibiotics consistent with scientific and financial realities.


HPAI Continues in Taiwan


A ProMed report confirmed a recent outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza in Chang Hua County involving 20,000 hens that were depleted.  Previous outbreaks have occurred in Ping Tang and Tainan in February.  Since January “tens of thousands of hens” have been culled in Yunlin County resulting from exposure to H5N1 presumably from wild birds. 


With numerous small and intermediate-sized duck and egg farms in close proximity and a live bird market system for broilers, Taiwan is candidate for vaccination against avian influenza H5N1. This is based on the location of the island nation on migratory bird routes and a history of recurring avian influenza suggesting a seasonal endemic status justifying protection.


Brazil to Expand Production and Exports in 2024


According to USDA-FAS GAIN Report BR2024-0002, Brazil will increase broiler production to 15.10 million metric tons (33.22 million lbs.) of RTC, an increase of 1.3 percent over 2023.  Of this total, 33.0 percent will be exported amounting to 4.975 million metric tons (10.94 million lbs.) or an increase of 4.3 percent over 2023.  Assuming a population of 220 million, domestic per capita consumption will be 46.0 kg (101.3 lb.).


The GAIN Report noted that in 2023, feed cost representing 68 percent of live-bird cost declined by 22 percent with a corresponding 14 percent drop in chick cost representing 15 percent of live bird cost.  The major increase was a 13 percent rise in the cost of electrical power that represented 2.5 percent of live bird cost.


With regard to exports, Brazil introduced electronic certification for the E.U. that will expedite approval of shipments and reduce cost.  The Brazilian Association of Animal Protein (ABPA) noted expansion into new markets including Israel, the Pacific Islands and Algeria.  In the case of this nation, Brazil donated 10,000 metric tons of chicken meat as a humanitarian gesture and to gain a foothold in the market.



For 2023, the top importers of chicken from Brazil comprised China (14 %); UAE (9%); Japan (9%); Saudi Arabia (8%) and South Africa (7%).


Brazil has apparently benefited from its status as “free of avian influenza in commercial farms”.

This situation is questioned since the nation reported 158 cases of H5N1 HPAI in backyard flocks and wild birds but miraculously none in commercial flocks.  Eight states reported HPAI including all the major broiler producing areas.


Contractor Lawsuit Dismissed


A July 2022 lawsuit filed in Federal court in Georgia against Perdue Farms was recently dismissed. Roger Parker the Plaintiff, claimed misclassification as an “independent contractor” and that the Company retaliated by terminating his contract for registering  complaints under the Packers’ and Stockyards Act. The Plaintiff, also claimed improper compensation due to under-weighing of broilers delivered.


Parker held that since contractors are “treated like employees” they should receive employee benefits including overtime. This is a somewhat fallacious characterization given the nature of the relationship between the contractor who supplies housing, labor and utilities and the integrator providing chicks and feed and extending service as defined in the contract.


Parker was unable to establish a Class for the lawsuit as he faced understandable lack of interest among contractors willing to participate in the litigation.


Freirich Foods Files for Bankruptcy Protection


Freirich Foods, a family-owned enterprise established in 1921, recently filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.  This action was taken following a $7 million loss arising from 1.2 million pounds of product that was mishandled by a third-party cold storage company. 


The filing will allow the company to restructure finances, maintain solvency and to restore profitability for the benefit of the owners, creditors and indirectly, 100 workers.


In a statement, the CEO noted, “Bankruptcy protection will enable our company to safeguard our business, employees, customers, and partners while we seek to recover our financial loss and propose a plan to restructure debt and renegotiate contracts. We will emerge from this process with a stronger balance sheet”.


It is questioned whether the company can recover the loss through insurance or a lawsuit alleging negligence.


Chicken Walnut Salad Recalled


Taylor Farms has recalled ten tons of ready-to-eat apple walnut chicken salad due to non-label disclosure of wheat. Affected product was manufactured between February 28th and March 9th and marketed in Kroger stores in twelve western states.


Product recalls are usually attributed to contamination with pathogens, the presence of foreign material or improper labeling. Misbranding involving the inclusion of a non-declared allergens is a self-inflicted wound and can be avoided by appropriate quality control and coordination within a company.



Welcome to Vencomatic Group


CHICK-NEWS welcomes the Vencomatic Group as a sponsor.  The Company was founded in 1983 by the van de Ven family in their Eersel, location in the Netherlands.  The Group has expanded to include major operating segments comprising Agro Supply, Prinzen, Van Gent and Vencomatic.  Vencosteel is a dedicated supplier of metal components including stainless and specialty steel with an output of 6,500 tons annually.  The Vencomatic Group operates subsidiaries in the U.S. (Adel, IA), in Sao Paulo State (Brazil) and in France, Spain, the U.K., China and Malaysia.


The company posted revenue of $175 million worldwide in 2023 and has 500 employees interacting with 100 suppliers and strategic partners worldwide. The Headquarters Complex in Eersel is uniquely shaped to resemble an egg, recognizing the focus of the company.


For the meat industry, the Vencomatic Group designs and manufactures an extensive line of nest systems, Vencoslat plastic units with oval or rectangular openings, lighting systems and egg-conveyors.  The Prinzen line includes automation for hatching eggs, including the Ovo-Set automated transfer system to setter trays and the Ovo-Grader to process eggs.  The Vencomatic Group also manufactures specialty products for the turkey and duck industries including nests and slats that contribute to optimum poult and duckling production.


The Vencomatic Group maintains close contact with research institutions and customers and maintains a library of resources available to the industry.  Technical specialists are available to advise on selection and operation of equipment to optimize production of hatching eggs, broilers, turkeys and ducks.




HPAI Infects Dairy Herds in Three States


According to an APHIS release on March 25th and postings on ProMED,  Federal and state authorities are responding to outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in dairy herds in Texas, Kansas and New Mexico.  The serotype has not been revealed but is presumably H5N1. The source of infection is most possibly wild birds apparently found dead in the vicinity of premises in Texas. Affected animals demonstrated clinical depression and lowered milk production. Avian infectious virus was isolated from udder milk samples and oropharyngeal swabs.

Affected herds have been quarantined and milk has been destroyed. A more detailed report will be posted in the Friday edition of EGG-NEWS


NTF Appoints Leslee Oden as CEO


The National Turkey Federation has announced that Leslee Oden has been appointed as the president and CEO of the producer association.  This action follows the retirement of Joel Brandenberger after a 17-year tenure.


Ms. Oden has worked at the NTF for 15 years and was named Senior Vice President of Legislative Affairs in 2018.  Leslee earned baccalaureate and master’s degrees in poultry science from Texas A&M.


John Zimmerman, Chairman of the NTF stated “It was clear that Leslee was the candidate with in-depth knowledge needed to help navigate our industry through challenging issues.”  He added, “Her tenure at NTF brings a wealth of knowledge, key industry relationships and an understanding of legislative and regulatory priorities that will continue to lead the turkey industry into the future.”


Impossible Foods Introduces New Packaging Image


Peter McGuinness, president and CEO of Impossible Foods recently announced the introduction of new packaging at the National Products Expo West.  McGuinness stated, “We want packaging that lived up to and reflected the deliciousness of our products while really popping on the shelf.”  He added, “What we want to do is educate consumers that they can still enjoy meat by incorporating into their diet a version that’s made from plants instead of animals.” 


McGuinness is clearly a marketing expert but appears to be insensitive to both accounting realities and the organoleptic properties of his products.  Plant based meat alternatives are clearly inferior with respect to appearance, texture and taste.  Shelf prices are higher than the product they purport to replace.  Although Impossible Foods is not a publicly quoted company and therefore does not release financial reports, competitors Beyond Meat and the plant-based division of Maple Leaf Foods confirm non-profitability.


Impossible Foods should concentrate more on improving the quality of the product since the packaging is discarded and not eaten.  The fact that the Bezos Earth Fund is making available grants to food science departments of universities to improve organoleptic qualities of plant-based foods confirms the reality of inferiority despite the Impossible Foods hype.


Ongoing Outbreaks of Salmonella Mbandaka in Europe


An ongoing outbreak of Salmonella Mbandaka infection commencing in 2021 has resulted in 300 diagnosed and confirmed cases through March 2024.  Outbreaks have been recorded in the U.K., Finland, France, Germany and the Netherlands.  Extensive, epidemiologic investigations including whole genome sequencing have identified the source as steam-cooked chicken breast  and other products from Ukraine.


According to the European Commission, corrective measures have been implemented in the implicated plant with enhanced surveillance and upgrading of food safety.


The persistence of one strain for over four years suggests vertical transmission that should be evaluated.  It would be interesting to learn whether producers in Ukraine and specifically the single largest integrator and exporter have implemented preventive vaccination at either or both the breeder and grow-out levels.


Tyson Foods Comments on Employment of Legal Asylum Seekers


Tyson Foods has come under criticism for offering employment to legal asylum seekers for open positions. The company is a participant in the Tent Partnership for Refugees that has as its goal, placing in employment 181,000 migrants sent to New York City. Tyson has pledged to hire 2,500 refugees over a three-year period.


The Tyson workforce of 120,000 currently includes 35 percent non-native born legal workers.  Tyson Foods along with other packers and integrators encounters a 40 percent turnover of line workers each year necessitating recruitment and hiring of about 50,000 people to fill vacancies.


Garrett Dolan, Associate Director of Human Resources, for Tyson Foods pointed to the need to employ migrant labor despite the search for qualified domestic candidates. 


The company offers a $1,000 initial relocation bonus, six days of temporary housing and a $4,000 payment after permanent housing is obtained, Spanish-speaking community liaison, assistance with enrolling children at school and other needs are provided. Tyson Foods has committed $1.5 million for legal and citizenship service to immigrant workers.


Criticism of Tyson Foods and other companies participating in the Tent Partnership for Refugees is based on xenophobia.  The U.S. needs immigrants to fill available positions.  More important will be the second generation who will benefit from U.S. acculturation, schooling and universities to become productive members of society. Our nation is aging and requires a large and active young workforce to sustain social security programs. 


It must be remembered that irrespective of our heritage, we all have immigrant antecedents, even those who walked across the land bridge over the Bering Strait millennia ago.


Beyond Meat Reports on Q4 and FY 2023


In a press release dated February 27th Beyond Meat Inc. (BYND) announced results for the 4th Quarter ending December 31st 2023.     


The following table summarizes the results for the period compared with the values for the corresponding quarter of the previous fiscal year (Values expressed as US$ x 1,000 except EPS)



4th Quarter Ending December 31st



Difference (%)





Gross profit /(loss):




Operating income/ (loss):             




Pre-tax Income/ (loss)

Net Income/ (loss)







Diluted earnings per share:




Gross Margin (%)




Operating Margin (%)




Profit Margin (%)




Long-term Debt: Dec. 31st




12 Months Trailing:




           Return on Assets    (%)




           Return on Equity    (%)




           Operating Margin   (%)




           Profit Margin          (%)




Total Assets: Dec. 31st




Market Capitalization  March 12th.






R&D expenditure declined 29.0 percent from Q4 2022 to $9.2 million or 12.5 percent of revenue

S&G expenditure increased 44.5 percent from Q4 2022 to $67.7 million or 91.7 percent of revenue  


For FY 2023 net loss was $(338.14) million on sales of $334.38 million with a diluted EPS of $(5.26). Comparative values for FY 2022 were a net loss of $(342.77) million on sales of $418.93 million with a diluted EPS of $(5.75).


For FY 2023:-

52-Week Range in Share Price:  $16.13  to  $8.31    50-day Moving average  $7.59

Forward P/E: Neg.                  Beta 2.5

Insiders hold 8.7 percent of equity, Institutions 38.7 percent.




For the 4th Quarter of 2023:

          U.S. sales represented 58.0 percent and International 42.8 percent

         Of U.S sales 75.0 percent were through retail channels, up from 70.8 percent in

            Q4 2022. The remainder of sales was to the food service sector.

            Of International sales 42.9 percent were through retail channels, down from

            45.1 percent in Q4 2022. The remainder of sales was to the food service sector


Average unit revenue in Q4 2023 for all sales attained $4.23/lb. compared to $4.96/lb.

          during the corresponding quarter of 2022.


Guidance for FY 2023 included:

      Net revenue of between $315 and $345 million, approximately 2.5 percent below


      Gross margin mid to high teens

      Operating expenses $180 million

      Capital expenditure $20 million

      Continued negative cash flow

In commenting on results Ethan Brown president and CEO stated:- “Though we are encouraged by pockets of growth, particularly in the EU where we saw double digit gains in net revenues on a year-over-year basis, we are disappointed by our overall results as we continue to experience worsening sector-specific and broader consumer headwinds. As we shared last week, we are conducting a review of our global operations for purposes of further and significantly reducing our operating expense base as we seek to accelerate our transition to a sustainable and, ultimately, profitable business. And while we expect current headwinds to persist in the coming quarters, we have confidence in the long-term trajectory of our business, its central relevance to the intensifying health, climate and natural resource challenges facing our global community, and our ability to emerge as a stronger, leaner organization as a result of the decisive measures we are undertaking to fit the current macroeconomic reality and business environment.”


Despite this optimistic commentary the reality includes:-

  • An accumulated deficit of $1,081 million.
  • Trailing 12-month negative operating cash flow of $108 million
  • Inventory valued at $130,336 representing 1.8 times Q4 sales
  • Effective February 29th 38.1 percent of float was short
  • Share price off 47.9 percent over past 12 months
  • Institutional holdings declined from 63 percent to 39 percent over past year.


Foster Farms Appoints new CEO and CFO


Foster Farms has announced that Jayson Penn will serve as CEO effective March 18th.  He succeeds Donnie Smith, previously CEO of Tyson Foods after retiring in 2016.  Smith was appointed as CEO, presumably as a caretaker in 2022, following the acquisition of the family-owned company by Atlas Holdings.


Penn was most recently President of John Soules Food having served previously as CEO of Pilgrim’s Pride Corp. and gaining experience at Case Foods, Marshall Durbin Company and Sanderson Farms.


James Richards was named CFO.  His experience includes two decades at General Electric Company in senior financial positions and, most recently, participating in turnaround of businesses including Kodi Collective.


A spokesperson for Atlas Partners, Sam Astor, Ed Fletcher and Mike Sher, stated, “We are excited to have Jason on board to lead the transformation journey now underway.  He brings immediate strength to the leadership team from his industry experience and commitment to operational excellence.”


Retirement of USAPEEC China Representative Ms. Sarah Li


The March 18th edition of USAPEEC MondayLine includes a tribute to Sarah Li who has retired after 38 years representing our poultry export promotion organization in China and Taiwan.  Appointed as the Director for Market Development for the region in 1989, Sarah opened the first USAPEEC office in China in the city of Shanghai in the early 1990s followed by the Beijing office in the early 2000s.


She notes as significant career achievements the opening of both the China and Taiwan markets over a 20-year period following her appointment.  This required representation and negotiation with officials in China including the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and also Customs Agency over the years.  Apart from long-term market development, Sarah has been instrumental in firefighting when consignments were embargoed or situations required urgent resolution through her abilities and contacts.


Bezos Earth Fund to Invest $60 Million on Improving Plant-Based Meats


The Bezos Earth Fund will distribute grants to the value of $60 million to various research institutions including universities to improve the texture and taste of plant-based meat.  This allocation will be part of a $1 billion fund intended to “transform the food industry”.



Proponents of plant-based meat alternatives now recognize the lack of consumer acceptance of the category characterized by declining sales. Producers of faux meat that publish financial reports confirm losses. 


Andy Jarvis, Director of the Future of Food, at the Bezos Earth Fund, quoted in Bloomberg, observed that plant-based substitutes for meat “need to cost less and need to be more flavorful”.  This is a tacit admission of the inferiority of current plant-based products and lack of variety despite higher prices.



Product of USA Label Evokes Protests from Mexico


The Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Republic of Mexico has expressed opposition to the recent announcement of the USDA Voluntary Product of USA Label Rule.


Mexico, our partner in the USMCA believes that the Rule does not recognize the extent of integration of livestock and meat industries within North America and represents an unnecessary trade barrier inconsistent with the World Trade Organization.  The Voluntary Product of USA Rule could be regarded as a successor to the Country of Origin Label (COOL) that was the subject of a WTO dispute panel leading to an adverse ruling against the U.S. 


The Product of USA Rule is a domestic matter and responds to consumer demands for a clear, concise and certainly non-ambiguous label descriptor confirming that beef, pork, chicken and turkey products were derived from herds or flocks born or hatched and then grown, processed and packed entirely in the U.S.  Previously, cattle or hogs were imported into the U.S., slaughtered, packed and distributed with a Made in the U.S. label.


It is anticipated that Canada will raise objections to the Product of USA Rule on the basis of discrimination in trade, contrary to USAMC and WTO regulations.


USPOULTRY 2024 Poultry Processor Workshop


The annual Poultry Processor Workshop for 2024 will be held May 15-16 at the Embassy Suites by Hilton Downtown, in Nashville, TN.


Featured speaker will be Dr. Jose Emilio Esteban, Undersecretary of the USDA for the Food Safety and Inspection Service.  Other speakers will include Clint Rivers, CEO of Wayne- Sanderson Farms, with his perspectives on leadership.  Topics will comprise animal welfare, reduction of Salmonella contamination, adapting to a changing workforce, process safety, automation and a series of case studies in plant management.


For additional information including the agenda, registration and booking access <www.uspoultry.org>.


FSIS to Exclude Vaccine Strains of Salmonella from Performance Standards


The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) of the USDA has announced that vaccine strains of Salmonella administered to flocks would be excluded from calculations applied to establish the status of plants under the Raw Poultry Performance Standards.


It is recognized that vaccine strains are innocuous given multiple gene deletion and with their biological activity confined to stimulating an antibody response. The decision by the FSIS was based on an analysis of data from eleven pilot projects evaluating pre-harvest strategies.


Dr. Ashley Peterson, NCC Senior Vice President of Scientific and Regulatory Affairs, stated, “Companies will no longer be penalized for using a Salmonella vaccine should the strain be detected in the processing facility by FSIS.”


Before the change in FSIS policy that will be effective on April 1st, any vaccine strain Salmonella isolated counted against the participating establishment and effectively served as a deterrent to vaccination as a viable intervention measure.  The change in policy will be beneficial to producers and ultimately, consumers given the efficacy of vaccination.


USDA Awarding Grants for Local Meat Production


On March 11th, USDA announced grants totaling $9.5 million to 42 projects under the Local Meat Capacity Grant Program.  This tranche is part of the $75 million available as announced in April 2023.  The intent is to “build resilience in the meat and poultry supply chain by providing producers with more local processing options and strengthening their market potential”.


The USDA Agricultural Marketing Services administering the program has entered into an agreement with the New Hampshire Community Loan Fund to process grant awards. These will range from $10,000 to $250,000 to purchase processing equipment including mixers, smokers and packaging installations.


It is questioned whether awards with an average of $226,000 will make any impact on national production although most individual recipients in various localities will benefit. As with all “giveaway” programs implemented under the present Administration it is questioned how the USDA AMS will evaluate increased productivity and improved financial performance given that taxpayer funds are involved. Do we anticipate an accounting in four years’ time? Naah!


Olymel Transitions to Profit


Following restructuring and radical reduction in operating costs, Canadian Cooperative, Olymel LB posted a profit of $101 million for Fiscal 2023 compared to a loss of $329 million in FY2022.


According to Pascal Houle, CEO of the holding company, Sollio Cooperative Group, by closing unproductive plants, reducing headcount and adjusting production to balance sales contributed to the turnaround.


Houle commented, “The pork industry is in a major crisis around the world.”  He added, “We all want a strong, dynamic pork sector that is a goal of the robust recovery plan we implemented.”


The improved profitability attained by Olymel is a model for companies producing livestock that are obliged to trim expenses and unprofitable facilities in accordance with market realities. It is apparent that the major broiler integrators are evaluating efficiency and productivity as evidenced by Tyson Foods closing broiler plants in Missouri and Arkansas and a large hog plant in Iowa. Smithfield Foods has closed sow operations and plants. Companies are consolidating production to achieve cost efficiency.


Tyson Foods and JBS USA Settle Wage Lawsuit


Tyson Foods has agreed to pay $72 million and JBS $55 million to the worker class alleging wage fixing.  Settlements have already been negotiated by Perdue Farms and Seaboard Foods and others amounting to $139 million.  The Plaintiffs claimed collusion in establishing wage rates in areas where the packers operated and agreed to ‘no-poach’ agreements restricting employment options for potential hires.


USDA-AMS Purchases


On March 5th, the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service announced purchase of chicken products for child nutrition and related food assistance programs to be delivered over the second quarter of 2024.


Purchases to be delivered July through December 2024 included:


  • 1,215,000 cases of boned chicken in cans at an average price of $2.17 per lb.
  • 44,800 cases of boned chicken in pouches at an average price of  $43.40 per case.


The total value of the purchase was $4,565,333


On March 6th the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service announced purchase of 860,000 cases of chicken to be delivered July through December 2024 comprising:


  • 480,000 cases of boned chicken in pouches at an average price of $42.31 per case
  • 190,000 cases of frozen leg quarters at an average price of $30.20 per case
  • 190,000 cases of frozen drumsticks at an average price of $31.48 per case


The total value of the purchase was $32,294,194


The two purchases amounted to $36,294,194 million.



Ministry of Agriculture in China to Regulate Sow Numbers


To prevent overproduction and to limit the importation of feed grains and soybeans, the Agricultural Ministry of China will place a cap on the number of sows in the national herd and the expansion of farms producing pork. Overproduction has reduced prices resulting in a sharp decline in imports.


The Ministry statement included, “the normal retention and fluctuation in the range of fertile sows in production, capacity reduction and other measures set in the previous regulatory plan are no longer well adapted to ensure stable feed production under the new situation.”  The national target for breeding sows will be reduced from 41 million to 39 million.


Overproduction of pork, the preferred animal protein in China, with correspondingly low prices is deleterious to domestic broiler production and imports. Rationalizing production should level the playing field to the benefit of processors and exporters.


Transition of JBS From PSSI Proceeding


Packers Sanitation Services Inc. (PSSI) has issued a warning notice to the state of Colorado that employees would be laid off following termination of the contract to clean plants for JBS including Greeley Co. JBS established an internal company cleaning service following the PSSI debacle over employment of under-aged workers.  It is understood that the displaced PSSI workers will be engaged by JBS subject to eligibility.


PSSI paid a fine of $1.5 million and entered into a consent agreement with the Department of Justice.  The CEO was replaced and the company appointed a qualified Compliance Officer.  Notwithstanding these changes PSSI has lost revenue and it will take years to rebuild image and credibility in the industry.


Six Integrators Settle with Direct Purchasers


Six integrators and Agri-Stats recently reached a settlement with plaintiffs in the broiler chicken antitrust lawsuit before the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois.  Companies that recently settled comprise:


  • Foster Farms


  • Perdue Farms


  • Case Farms


  • Claxton Poultry Farms


  • Wayne Farms


  • Sanderson Farms


  • Agri-Stats


The plaintiffs alleged collusion among integrators based on electronic communications and conservations at association gatherings and also indirectly by subscription to Agri-Stats an industry cost benchmarking system.  Settlements attained $284 million prior to the latest agreements.


USDA Finalizes Inclusive Competition and Market Integrity Rule


In a March 5th announcement, the USDA detailed the Inclusive Competition and Market Integrity Rule under the Packers and Stockyards Act.  The purpose is to “establish clearer, more effective standards under the Packers and Stockyards Act for prohibited practices in contracting”.


The Final Rule is one of a series initiated through an Executive Order on promoting competition in the U.S. economy.


The Rule is intended to: -

  • Prohibit adverse treatment of livestock producers and poultry growers based on race, religion, national origin, gender, disability or age.  The rule includes protection for cooperatives.
  • Prohibit retaliation against producers and growers engaging in lawful communications, participation in associations and cooperatives or evaluating business relationships with competing packers or integrators.
  • Prohibit false or misleading statements or omission of material information in contracts.
  • Support monitoring, evaluation and enforcement of compliance by the USDA through records.


The Final Rule will become effective 60 days after publication in the Federal Register.


Predictably and justifiably Industry trade associations have commented negatively on the Rule.


It was characterized by the NCC as a manifestation of the Administration’s “anti-business regulatory agenda driven by far-left activists” The Council also noted the cost of compliance through additional record keeping.


The NAMI was skeptical that the Rule would increase competition and would have the undesirable effect of encouraging lawsuits over contracts.


Trader Joe’s Recalls 30 Tons of Dumplings


According to a March 4th announcement, Trader Joe’s has recalled close to 30 tons of steamed chicken soup dumplings.  The product, contaminated with plastic particles was manufactured on December 7, 2023, and has been distributed nationwide.  The dumplings were produced by CJ Foods Manufacturing Beaumont Corp. in California.  Since the source of the plastic was apparently a permanent marker, at least 59 tons of product will have been wasted if not already consumed. This suggests imperfect documentation relating to specific batches produced.


This incident is the latest in a series of recalls by Trader Joe’s that suggest that their suppliers are deficient in quality control.  The Company should exert pressure to attain and maintain acceptable standards of manufacture and inspection.  This might require paying more for the product.


Mineral Oil Contamination Leads to Recall


MF Meats located in Falconer NY. has recalled 46 tons of raw meat products contaminated with mineral oil disallowed by FSIS.  Over the period November 26, 2023, through February 16, 2024, the Company used a nonapproved mineral oil in the place of food-grade lubricant due to an error made by a supplier.


The problem was recognized following complaints of abnormal taste leading to an investigation that disclosed the misapplication of mineral oil.  It is evident that a proportion of the recalled meat has been consumed although there have been no reports of adverse reaction.  As with all major recalls, FSIS will verify procedures relating to notification of customers and removal of affected the product from the market.



NTF Announces 2024 Officers


Officers for the 2024 term were elected by the Board of Directors of the National Turkey Federation at the annual convention held in Austin, TX.  John Zimmerman was elected Chairman, Jay Jandrain as Vice-chairman, Thierry Murad as Secretary-Treasurer.  Steven Lykken will serve as Immediate Past |Chairman.


In his inaugural comments Zimmerman noted challenges in the coming year including HPAI, food safety policies and expanding international trade.



Columbia to Resume Importing U.S. Poultry Products


Following intensive negotiations motivated by USAPEEC, authorities in Columbia have lifted the ban on importation of poultry and egg products from the U.S. Trade ceased in August 2023 as a result of outbreaks of HPAI in various states.


Critical to the restoration of trade was the facilitation by USAPEEC for a visit by representatives of Columbia to verify surveillance and control measures.


In 2023, Columbia imported 44,164 metric tons of broiler products from the U.S. before the embargo, valued at $53.8 million.  Prior to termination of shipments in September  2023 Columbia imported 36 percent less product compared to the corresponding months in 2022 with value down 46 percent.


Hormel Foods Reports on Q1 FY 2024


In a February 29th release, Hormel Foods Corporation (HRL) reported the results for the first quarter of FY 2024 ending January 28, 2024.


Hormel Foods no longer identifies Jennie-O Turkey Store as an operating segment.  Turkey products are now incorporated into the financial results for the Retail, Food Service and International segments.

For the quarter, Hormel Foods Corporation earned $218.86 million on net sales of $2,997 million with a diluted EPS of $0.40.  These figures compared to the corresponding first quarter of        FY 2023 ending January 29th.  Net earnings amounted to $217.72 million on net sales of $2,971 million with a diluted EPS of $0.40.


For fiscal 2024 Hormel projects diluted EPS in the range of $1.43 to $1.57.


The only reference to Jennie-O for the quarter was a note that “retail volume and sales of    Jennie-O turkey items increased including above-category performance in the fresh ground turkey category.  Jennie-O branded items in food service delivered double-digit volume and net sales growth.”


USDA-AMS Purchases


On February 23rd, the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service announced purchase of of chicken products for child nutrition and related food assistance programs to be delivered over the second quarter of 2024.


Purchases included:

  • 20,800 cases of boneless breasts at an average of $72 per case
  • 133 tons of frozen cut-up chicken at $1.91 per lb.
  • 21,850 cases of frozen drumsticks at $29.82 per case
  • 1,861 tons of whole frozen chicken at $0.99 per lb.


The total value of the purchase was $6,295,329


On February 28th the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service announced purchase of 6,984 tons of chilled large chicken in bulk, also for child nutrition and related food assistance programs.  Product was purchased at an average of $1.58 per pound with deliveries during April 2024.


The two purchases amounted to $26,656,018 million.


Missouri Beef Packing Plant to Close Over Defective Discharge Treatment


Missouri Prime Beef will close the Pleasant Hope facility in April.  This will impact 335 workers.  At issue was the treatment of effluent to be discharged into the Pomme de Terre River.  The Department of Natural Resources for the state of Missouri denied the company a water discharge petition.  The application elicited over 1,000 negative comments from citizens of the state.  Missouri Prime had a capacity of 750 head of cattle per day and was acquired in 2023 by SDX Beef Company based in Texas. According to press reports the new owners are now reviewing alternative treatment solutions to allow the plant to reopen and restore production and jobs.



Courts Rule Against HSUS in Line Speed Lawsuit


The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California has ruled against the Humane Society of the U.S. and co-petitioners concerning line speeds in poultry processing plants.  At issue is the USDA New Poultry Inspection System allowing up to 175 birds per minute.


The Court ruled that the animal rights groups lacked standing on the issue dismissing the case without prejudice.  This will allow the petitioners to return with an amended complaint.


The lawsuit filed in 2020 has little to do with welfare of either birds or workers.  Progressively higher line speeds are now possible due to advances in equipment design. Lawsuits verging on the frivolous are filed purely on the basis of opposition to all forms of intensive livestock production. Innovation that increase efficiency and hence the prospect of enhanced profitability inevitably becomes a targets for legal challenge.



R-CALF Requesting Exemption from EPA Environmental Reporting Regulations


In 2021, the White House issued a Presidential Executive Order directing the EPA among other federal agencies to intensify action to mitigate climate change.  Accordingly, all concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) were required to determine and report on emissions, a demand considered both impractical and burdensome.


R-CALF (Ranchers-Cattlemen Action Legal Fund-United Stockgrowers’ of America) has requested the EPA to define and classify feedlots according to capacity ranging from family farms to CAFOs with up to 50,000 head. R-CALF has requested exemption for family farms and operations using grazing, irrespective of the presence of corrals or other structures required for handling livestock.


R-CALF called on EPA to “refrain from imposing any additional regulatory burdens on America’s family farmers and ranchers.”  The organization makes a valid case that if small family farms are driven out of production by onerous regulations, their capacity would inevitably be replaced by even larger feedlots.


Environmental reporting requirements for CAFOs are an important consideration for poultry production complexes with the potential to impose expense and require time to provide data that will ultimately be applied to the disadvantage of the industry


Ukraine Chicken Industry Resilient During War


According to USDA-FAS GAIN Report, UP2024-0004, released February 22nd, chicken production in 2024 will expand by 3.1 percent to 1.340 million metric tons.  Total imports will attain 52,000 metric tons and exports 440,000 metric tons with net exports representing 29 percent of production.  Of the 952,000 metric tons for domestic use, per capita, will attain 26kg (57 lbs.) assuming a population of 37 million.


Despite the invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Federation in 2022, the chicken industry has survived and expanded.  This, in part, is due to the location of facilities in the central and western regions of the Nation together with the availability of grains at relatively low cost.


Production in Ukraine is dominated by MHP SE, responsible for 70 percent of output.  This public-traded company has received loans through recent critical periods and enjoys the benefits of full integration from cultivation of feed ingredients, oil seed crushing, live production, processing and distribution.  In addition to MHP, medium-sized producers include Agrooven, Dniprovskyi, Volldymyr-volynsk, PTA Hofabryka, Hubyn and Ular.  Collectively, MHP and these companies are responsible for 90 percent of production.


Following the 2022 invasion, supply chains were disrupted and the Black Sea export route was closed.  Labor availability was impacted by workers who volunteered for military service and as a result of conscription.  During late 2022 and through 2023, infrastructure was repaired and the front line in the east of the nation was stabilized.  Following the collapse of the Black Sea Grain Initiative, Ukraine established export capability through the coast-hugging Humanitarian Corridor and by rail transport. Currently exports are restrained by a shortage of refrigerated containers.


The E.U. is the main importer of chicken from Ukraine based on tariff-free and quota-free market access granted by the European Commission. Other factors favoring Ukraine include proximity to E.U. markets and a favorable production cost relative to Eastern Europe.


Europe intends to impose tariffs above a level of 160,000 metric tons although below exports to the E.U. in 2023. In the event that Ukraine becomes non-competitive above the free-trade level as a result of tariffs, the nation will explore export opportunities for exports to the Middle East.



Ruling on Massachusetts Question Three


Judge Willian Young of the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts determined that exemptions to the Prevent Cruelty to Farm Animals Act (Question 3) were unconstitutional.


The case arose from a lawsuit filed by Triumph Foods and other packers challenging the constitutionality of the Massachusetts law enacted by ballot.


Judge Young ruled that the exemption to the state law was in violation of the dormant Commerce Clause.  His ruling is at variance with the May SCOTUS decision upholding California Proposition 12 that ignored the concept of interference in interstate commerce.  Currently, the three existing packers in Massachusetts enjoy an advantage with respect to housing of sows over out-of-state pork processers.


Child Labor Persists in Contract Cleaning Sector


The U.S. Department of Labor has filed for a temporary restraining order on Fayette Janitorial Services, LLC to prevent employment of minors in plant-cleaning operations.  According to documents submitted to the U.S. District Court for the northern district of Iowa, the company has employed minors in sanitation activities at plants in Iowa and Virginia.


A spokesperson for Perdue Farms that terminated the contract with Fayette prior to the Department of Labor action, stated, “Underage labor has no place in our business or in our industry.  Perdue has strong safeguards in place to ensure that all associates are legally eligible to work in our facilities and we expect the same of our vendors.”


The Department of Labor is intent on enforcing federal law relating to employment of children in dangerous occupations and generally safeguarding workers.


Fayette Janitorial Services, LLC, based in Somerville, TN, operates in 30 states with 600 employees.


In addition to contravention of child labor laws, the investigation will also include possible trafficking and exploitation. If documented, cases will be referred to the Department of Justice.


USDA Informational Webinar on Contracting


The following notice was posted by the USDA –AMS regarding a webinar to inform Contractors of the obligations of Integrators with regard to transparency.


“The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) will host a webinar Mar. 7, 2024, at noon ET, for poultry growers to share information regarding the Transparency in Poultry Grower Contracting and Tournaments Final Rule.


Registration is required: https://www.zoomgov.com/meeting/register/vJItde-qqz4iHka5SbLDXxJupqPctYz01qg


Attendees may submit questions in advance to AMS-AskPSD@usda.gov. Questions will also be accepted during the webinar.


USDA published the final rule in the Federal Register Nov. 28, 2023, and it became effective Feb. 12, 2024. The rule requires Live Poultry Dealers – typically large processing companies – to provide poultry growers with whom they contract to raise birds key information about terms of their agreements.


The rule requires additional disclosures by live poultry dealers engaged in the production of broilers who use poultry grower ranking systems to determine settlement payments for broiler growers.


The rule also requires live poultry dealers to disclose projections of average annual gross payments to broiler growers under contract with the complex with the same housing specifications for the term of the broiler growing arrangement.


Additional information on the rule can be found on the AMS website”.




FTC Blocks Kroger-Albertsons Merger


In a belated but expected action on Monday 26th February, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) initiated action to block the proposed merger (acquisition?) between The Kroger Company and Albertsons Corp. The Agency issued an Administrative Complaint to be heard by an Administrative Law Judge in addition to filing a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court in Oregon to block the transaction. The FTC was joined in the action by Attorneys General representing eight states.


Pilgrim’s Pride Corp. Reports on Q4 and FY 2023


In a press release dated February 26th Pilgrim’s Pride Corp. (PPC) announced results for the 4th Quarter and FY 2023 ending December 31st 2023. The quarterly figures showed positive earnings for all three segments with higher revenue and operating profit across all three geographic areas. Earnings were appreciably above Q4 2022 and exceeded consensus estimates on the top and bottom lines.


The following table summarizes the results for Q4 2023 derived from the SEC 10-Q form and the Company release. Values are compared with the corresponding Q3 FY 2022 (Values expressed as US$ x 103 except EPS)


4th Quarters 2023 and 2022, Ending

December 31st 2023

December 25th


Difference (%)





Gross profit:




Operating income:             




Pre-tax Income

Net Income*







Diluted earnings per share:




Gross Margin (%)




Operating Margin (%)




Profit Margin (%)




Long-term Debt and other liabilities:




12 Months Trailing:




           Return on Assets    (%)




           Return on Equity    (%)




           Operating Margin   (%)




           Profit Margin          (%)




Total Assets (approximately 21% intangibles)




Intraday Market Capitalization July 28th




  • Q4 2023, $12.3 million interest income (Q4 2022, $1.5 million)
  • Q4 2023  $3.9 million miscellaneous income (Q4 2022, $1.5 million)
  • Q4 2023  $22.9 million gain in foreign currency transactions (Q4 2022 $16.5 million loss)


For FY 2023 Pilgrim’s Pride earned $351.57 million on net revenue of $17.36 million with a diluted EPS of $1.36. For FY 2022 the Company earned $745.54 million on net revenue of $17.47 million with a diluted EPS of $3.11. 


Operating income and sales posted by the three business segments during Q4 2023 were:-

      U.S. 69.6 percent of company operating income on 58.8 percent of sales

      E.U and U.K. 31.2 percent of company operating income on 27.2 percent of sales

      Mexico (0.8) percent of company operating income on 11.6 percent of sales


52-Week Range in Share Price of PPC:  $19.96 to $31.15.  50-day Moving average,  $27.67

Market Close: Friday 23rd February, pre-release $28.67.

             Open Monday 26th February, post-release $30.60 up 6.7 percent.


Current Forward P/E 13  

Equity held by insiders and holding Company: 82.7 percent, Institutions, 17.1 percent


In commenting on Q4 results Fabio Sandri, CEO stated “While our business faced a unique set of challenging conditions in 2023, we persevered as our team members maintained a leadership mindset and elevated their focus and execution of our strategy.


In the 4th quarter, the U.S. portfolio continued to profitably grow as Case Ready and Small Bird realized benefits from additional promotional activity with Key Customers, more distribution, and increased retail pricing spreads from competing proteins. Prepared Foods also gained further momentum as branded offerings expanded throughout retail and distribution improved in foodservice. As for Big Bird, operating costs continued to improve from increased production efficiencies and better market conditions”.


“Given the actual market conditions, the affordability and availability of chicken resonated with consumers. As such, we worked closely with our Key Customers in both retail and food service to drive increased traffic through promotions and broaden their lineup of chicken offerings across fresh and prepared items,”


In relation to Mexico Sandri stated, “Supply and demand fundamentals were challenging in October but gained strength in the 4thquarte. We further diversified our portfolio as our brands continue to gain strong traction with consumers and retailers alike. Our investments to increase capacity and reduce production risk through operational excellence are proceeding as planned. Key Customer relationships continue to strengthen as volumes ended up nearly double digits compared to full year 2022,”


For the operations in the U.K. and the E.U. Sandri stated,“ We demonstrated progress again in profitability improvement in the 4th quarter through Key Customer partnerships, branded innovation, and operational excellence. The efforts were accelerated by recent actions to further streamline our production networks and support activities.


Sandri concluded, “While we had challenging market conditions during the year, our commitment to sustainability remained firm. Our team identified ways to embed innovative practices in our business to simultaneously drive sustainability and enhance profitable growth”.


Continued Opposition to Carbon Dioxide Pipelines


The Stanton County, NE.  Commission recently denied a conditional use permit to Summit Carbon Solutions to build a pipeline that would ultimately link fifty ethanol plants with a disposal site in North Dakota.


The 3-0 vote was based on the need for more information on “health risks” and foreign investment in the project.


Apparently 90 percent of landowners in Stanton County have signed easement agreements based on an understanding of the issues and actually support the project.


Based on opposition in states other than Nebraska, Summit has postponed implementation of the project until 2026.  The $5.5 billion, 2,000-mile pipeline would transit areas of Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska and both Dakotas.


It is ironic that farmers in these corn-producing states who benefit directly from ethanol and support the questionable claims of environmental benefits, are unwilling to allow the pipeline project that would reduce the considerable quantity of carbon dioxide vented to the atmosphere by ethanol plants.


Protection for Producers Under the Packers and Stockyards Act


Senators Jon Tester (D-MT) and Chuck Grassley (R-IA) are urging the relevant House and Senate committees to oppose policy riders and to resist lobbying pressure in the FY 2024 Agriculture Appropriations Bill that might restrain the USDA from protecting suppliers.


The Senators point to the 85 percent control of the domestic beef packing segment by four companies and the domination of hog packing with four companies controlling approximately  75 percent of capacity.  The top four broiler integrators represent 55 percent of production but contracts and the unique relationship between the parties mitigates against exploitation.



Rising Prospect of Government Shutdown


According to press reports, Republican members of the House are becoming reconciled to the prospect of a government shutdown in March.


House Speaker Mike Johnson (R-LA) recently stated, “We think we going to meet the deadlines.”  He is faced with the invidious choice of accepting support from Democratic members of the House or a possible revolt from his right flank that doomed his predecessor.


If an agreement is not reached before April 30th, across-the-board spending cuts will be imposed.  Democrats have indicated that they will not support a further extension, given recent failure to achieve consensus within the majority party.


There are a number of issues impeding passage of appropriations bills most of which involve social considerations important to conservatives especially in an election year but representing a distraction from the governance of the Nation.


USAPEEC Establishes Mandarin Website


USAPEEC has officially launched www.usapeec.cn to promote the image of the U.S. broiler industry in the Mandarin language.  The website will include items on the U.S. poultry industry, HACCP management, a buyer’s guide for chicken, turkey and eggs and will include relevant information from the existing website.


In a related matter USAPEEC will replace the weekly MondayLine with a web-based Export Report this will be continually updated with news and information replacing the weekly Friday version.  The export report will also contain MemberAlerts relating to embargoes and issues impacting shipments.


UFCWU Supports Kroger-Albertsons Merger


Breaking with the national United Food and Commercial Workers Union, Local 555 representing workers in Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Wyoming has endorsed the proposed merger between Kroger and Albertsons. 


To date the National Union has expressed extreme opposition to the transaction.  The action by Local 555 is based on concern over job security.  The president of this Union and a Safeway worker, believes that divestment of Albertsons by Cerberus is inevitable, employees would rather the group be acquired by Kroger than by another entity. Ann Poff stated, “It’s foolish to think that stopping this merger means everything will stay the same.”  She added, “Forcing Cerberus to continue to own Albertsons is not an option if they don’t sell to Kroger it will be to someone else.” Given profits generated by Albertsons this eventuality is not ordained.


The local Union may have been heartened by the commitment by C&S Wholesale Grocers to honor union agreements with respect to the 413 stores that will be acquired, many located in the states represented by UFCWU Local 555.


The position of the national UFCWU is that divestiture of stores to C&S Wholesale Grocers will be a replay of the Haggen debacle in 2015 when these locations were repurchased by Albertsons at a considerable discount resulting in subsequent closures and termination of employment.  Local 555 are enigmatically seeking job security through the C&S Wholesale acquisition but this may well be wishful thinking.


The endorsement may well be moot given the decision of the FTC on February 26th to disallow the transaction.


JBS S.A. Delays NYSE Listing


Following a previous announcement of a delay in listing during November 2023, JBS S.A. has indicated that it will file a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission after the March 26 financial results are released.


JBS faces opposition from environmental activist groups and from Congress urging the NYSE to deny the listing.


Maple Leaf Foods Reports on Q4 and FY 2023


In a press release dated February 22nd Maple Leaf Foods Inc. (MFI-TO) announced results for Q4 and FY 2023 ended December 31st 2023.


The following table summarizes the results for the period compared with the values for the corresponding quarter of the previous fiscal year (Values expressed as US$ x 1,000 except EPS (conversion of CAN$1=US$0.74)


4th Quarter Ending December 31st.



Difference (%)





Gross profit:




Operating income:




Pre-tax Income

Net Income/ (Loss)1







Diluted earnings per share:




Gross Margin (%)




Operating Margin (%)




Profit Margin (%)




Long-term Debt and lease obligations2:




12 Months Trailing:


Return on Assets (%)



Return on Equity (%)



Operating Margin (%)



Profit Margin (%)



Total Assets

 Intangibles and goodwill as % of assets






Market Capitalization February 22nd.


  1. Restructuring charge Q4 2023 $6.1 million; Q4 2022 $4.2 million
  2. December 31st. 2022/2021


For FY 2023 Maple Leaf Foods lost $(92.48) million on revenue of $3,602 million with a negative diluted EPS of $(0.76). Comparable values for FY 2023 were a net loss of $(230.80) million on revenue of $3,507 million with a negative diluted EPS of $(1.86)


Q4 2022 Meat Protein Segment:

Sales, $858 million, down 2.8% from Q2 2022.

Adjusted operating earnings $45.0 million down 33.8% from Q2 2022.


Q4 2022 Plant Protein Segment:

Sales, $27.0 million, down 8.8% from Q4 2022.

Adjusted operating loss $(3.5) million 81.7% improvement from Q4 2022.


52-Week Range in Share Price: $15.92 to $23.41 50-day Moving average $18.99

Forward P/E 15.2 Beta 0.5

Market Close pre-release February 21st $19.11

Market Open post-release February 22nd $17.03

Insider shareholding 40.0%. Institutional shareholding 25.8%


In commenting on Q4 results Curtis Frank president and CEO stated “In 2023 we made great progress in advancing our strategic Blueprint, delivering top-line growth of 2.7 percent, recording an increase of US$115 million in Adjusted EBITDA to US$317 million for the year, and meeting our commitment to achieve Adjusted EBITDA neutral or better in our Plant Protein business as we exited the year.” He added “While these are important achievements, and we are pleased with our relative performance in challenging market conditions, we acknowledge that we still have work to do to realize our full potential.”


In addressing the two operating segments Frank noted “In the fourth quarter, our Meat Protein results fell below our expectations, as a result of global pork market dislocations that have persisted longer and deeper than we anticipated, and a challenging consumer demand environment, plus we still have a short distance to go to bring home the full benefits from our London Poultry and Bacon Centre of Excellence projects.” He concluded “With our refreshed strategic Blueprint announced today, we are sharpening our execution focus, bringing together our Meat Protein and Plant Protein businesses to build a powerful platform from which to grow in the U.S. market, and aligning the talents of our team to leverage the strength of our portfolio of leading brands, leadership in sustainability and world-class assets."


The Company provided the following comments on strategy and guidance:-

  • Meat Protein: The Meat Protein Group is comprised of prepared meats, ready-to-cook and ready-to-serve meals, snack kits, value-added fresh pork and poultry products that are sold to retail, foodservice and industrial channels, and agricultural operations in pork and poultry. The Meat Protein Group includes leading brands such as Maple Leaf®, Maple Leaf Prime®, Maple Leaf Natural Selections®, Schneiders®, Schneiders® Country Naturals®, Mina®, Greenfield Natural Meat Co.®, and other leading regional brands.


Sales for the fourth quarter increased 0.8% to $1,159.0 million compared to $1,149.6 million last year. Sales growth was driven by volume growth, pricing action implemented in prior quarters to mitigate the impact of inflation, and favourable mix shift. Prior year sales volumes were also impacted by the cybersecurity incident.

  • Plant Protein: “The Plant Protein Group is comprised of refrigerated plant protein products, premium grain-based protein, and vegan cheese products sold to retail, foodservice and industrial channels. The Plant Protein Group includes the leading brands Lightlife® and Field RoastTM.


Sales for the fourth quarter were US$27 million compared to US$29.6 million last year, representing a decline of 8.9 percent. Sales decline was driven by lower retail volumes, partially offset by pricing action implemented in prior quarters to mitigate inflation”.


In late 2021, the Company announced that it was re-evaluating its outlook for the Plant Protein Group and launching a comprehensive review of the overall plant protein category. This decision was driven by a pronounced slowdown in growth rates in the category, Estimates at the time suggested that the category would grow at an average annual rate of 10 to 15 percent, making it an US$8 billion market by 2030”. This prediction has not been realized and the market has contracted in both volume and value.

  • The Company statement noted, “In the near term, the Company is realigning its organizational structure to align with the refresh of its strategic blueprint by bringing together its Meat and Plant Protein businesses. This shift supports a clear and consistent focus on driving profitable growth in Canada, the U.S. and internationally across its entire protein and prepared foods portfolio”.


Kemin KemTRACE® for Turkeys


Kemin Industries has received approval for the use of KemTRACE® Chromium in growing turkey diets.  The product supplies 0.2 ppm chromium to feed at an addition rate of one pound per ton of the 0.4 percent commercial product.


In a trial conducted at North Carolina State University, KemTRACE® Cr was evaluated in turkeys grown through 84 days of age in replicate floor pens.  Treatments comprised a non-supplemented control and 0.2 ppm chromium propionate supplement.  Average daily gain was numerically higher in turkeys receiving the KemTRACE® Cr supplement at 0.2ppm attaining 106.7g per day.  Turkeys receiving the control diet, that analyzed over 2.0ppm of chromium, gained 101.9g per day.  Feed conversion efficiency was significantly improved compared to the controls at 2.18 to 2.11 for the supplemented treatment.  Given the duration of the trial and daily weight gain, live weights of the control and treatment were respectively 8.62kg and 9.03kg.  Effectively, chromium supplementation provided 410g of additional live weight or 320g of RTC mass but required the consumption of an incremental 168g of feed.


Concurrently, it was demonstrated that a supplementation rate of five times the approved level attaining 1.0 ppm chromium had no deleterious effect on live performance or hematologic or blood chemistry parameters in turkeys through 84 days of age. 


Human food safety of chromium supplementation was demonstrated by assays of liver, muscle, kidney and skin with adherent fat and demonstrated only small increases in chromium concentrations in edible tissues. It was concluded that supplemental KemTRACE® Chromium at five times the approved level (1.0ppm) would have minimal effect on total chromium intake by humans.



Spears, J.W. et al. Chromium Propionate in Turkeys:  Effect on Performance and Animal Safety, Poultry Science doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2023.103195

Spears, J.W. et al. Chromium Propionate in Turkeys:  Effects on Incident Sensitivity, Poultry Science doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2023.103215

Spears, J.W. et al. Chromium Propionate for Turkeys:  Effects on Tissue Chromium Concentrations in Human Food Safety, Poultry Science doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2023.103196


Seaboard Corporation Reports on Butterball Subsidiary


Seaboard Corporation is the majority shareholder in Butterball LLC with 52.5 percent of equity Their subsidiary is ranked as the second largest turkey producer in the U.S.


For fiscal 2023, the turkey segment posted sales of $2,025 million with an operating profit of $182 million.  Net profit was $166 million.  Butterball LLC posted assets of $1,120 million, with $172 million represented by goodwill and intangibles.  Given total liabilities of $408 million the shareholders’ equity is $702 of which $365 million accrues to the majority shareholder.



Department of Labor Interviewing Workers in Mississippi Chicken Plants


Julie Su, Acting Secretary of the Department of Labor (DOL), recently met with workers employed in chicken plants and their organizers in Mississippi. The objective was to review alleged ongoing abuses and worker complaints. 


A roundtable was organized by Immigrant Lands for Justice and Equity and addressed the concerns mainly of Latino workers. These included hazardous plant conditions, wage theft and coercion.  According to a DOL release it is the mission of the Department to investigate allegations and to “explore ways for enhanced federal protection”.


West Liberty Foods Eliminating Production Positions in Iowa


West Liberty Foods will cease ready-to-eat production at their West Liberty IA. plant, resulting in the loss of 260 line production positions. Layoffs will commence during April and continue through November.  West Liberty Foods will move the slicing operations to Bolingbrook, IL. to respond to market demand.  Turkey harvesting and first-shift operation at West Liberty will continue.


Brandon Achen, President and CEO stated, “As a resident of this community the decision to reduce production capacity in West Liberty was difficult and painful”.  He added, “We are committed to connecting each affected person with new employment opportunities and support and we will offer reassignment opportunities, provide on-site reemployment and support services”.


Japan Reports H5N6 in Broiler Breeder Flock


According to a report submitted to the World Organization of Animal Health on February 14th, an outbreak of H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza was diagnosed in a flock of 14,000 broiler breeders in Minamisatsuma City in Kagoshima Province, Japan.  The affected flock was depopulated, and restrictions imposed on movement of poultry and products within a radius of 1.9 miles with appropriate surveillance of farms within a six-mile radius.


From October 2023 onwards during the Fall seasonal epornitic, Japan recorded 84 outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in 26 of 47 prefectures with depopulation of 17.7 million birds comprising broilers and commercial egg production flocks.


Update on Production of Broilers in Mexico


According to USDA-FAS GAIN Report MX2024-0011 released on February 12th, domestic production in Mexico during 2024 will increase by 2.5 percent over 2023 to 3.950 metric tons.  This quantity will represent 79.4 percent of the domestic requirement of 4.975 million metric tons.  The remaining 1.025 million metric tons or 20.6 percent of requirement will be supplied by imports.  Exports from Mexico are inconsequential amounting to 5,000 metric tons.


Chicken meat represents 60 percent of livestock production and is expanding at a faster rate than cattle and hogs. Domestic consumption per capita will attain 84 pounds in 2024.


In February 2023, the Administration published a Presidential Decree directing a phase-out of GM corn.  Amid considerable confusion over interpretation, the Administration has persisted with their intention jeopardizing both the domestic industry and the export of corn from the U.S. amounting to $5 billion in annual value. On August 17, 2023, the United States Trade Representative announced the establishment of a dispute settlement panel under the USMCA Agreement contending that the decree is arbitrary and lacks scientific merit.


Trade with the U.S.  is subject to an ongoing claim established by the Unit of Foreign Trade Practices that the U.S. is “dumping” leg quarters.  The issue has been under review for twelve years without resolution.  The Government of Mexico Presidential Decree to extend an exemption on tariffs to facilitate importation of food including chicken will continue through the current year.  This decree allows chicken to be imported without a tariff from nations not currently enjoying free trade agreements.  This concession has created competition from Brazil and Argentina.


During 2023, the U.S. exported 721,342 metric tons of chicken products to Mexico valued at $811 with a unit price of $1,124.  Exports to Mexico represented 19.8 percent of total exports and 17.1 percent of value. Exports of broiler products to Mexico in 2023 were up 9 percent in volume and 6 percent in value compared to the previous year.



TARGAN Develops First Automated Gender Sorter for Broiler Hatcheries


TARGAN Inc., based in Raleigh, NC, has developed the WingScan™ feather-sexing system for broiler chicks.  The WingScan system comprises a multilevel conveyer system to channel chicks into a single file for passage through a machine-vision detector that can differentiate between fast and slow feathering wing plumage. The system  is engineered to integrate with existing hatchery automation equipment, and will incorporate TARGAN’s  individual chick vaccine delivery system in the future.


TARGAN has combined chick-handling technology developed during the 1990s with contemporary machine vision and AI. Under the direction of Ramin Karimpour, a team of engineers and bio-scientists has applied modern detection systems and electronics to produce a multi-patented commercial and practical installation to separate male and female broiler chicks.


The WingScan system is modular with each unit capable of processing up to 50,000 chicks per hour with up to 98 percent accuracy.  Chicks are loaded onto the system and are successively separated into a single track by gently transiting a cascade over three conveyor levels.  The system is designed to minimize chick stress and physical handling, contributing to optimum growth and livability during the first week after placement.  By placing multiple 8-lane WingScan units in parallel, it is possible to increase throughput by increments of 100,000 chicks per hour to accommodate required hatchery capacity.


Click image to watch video


The business model applied by TARGAN is based on an equipment-and-service royalty payment paralleling the situation with in ovo vaccinators.  This is considered essential for an emerging technology since it absolves integrators from making large, initial capital investment before long-term confirmation of functionality and benefits.


It is possible to manually differentiate chick gender using feather-sexing strains.  This requires a team of trained workers to handle and inspect each chick before allocation to either male or female chutes on a carousel conveyer.  Although this approach was used by a small proportion of the U.S. broiler industry during the 1980s and 1990s, use was limited by the availability of workers and the incidence rate of ergonomically induced carpal tunnel syndrome.


The WingScan system completely automates sorting by gender at a cost equivalent to manual processing. WingScan has a far smaller footprint than carousels and is suitable for retrofitting to existing hatcheries. The rate of processing expedites chick handling to ensure early delivery to farms.


TARGAN provides a practical method to differentiate gender at the hatchery.  Integrators derive benefits associated with lower live-bird cost and greater uniformity at processing, but only by reconfiguring placement programs and schedules to achieve desired uniformity.  The potential benefits from separate gender grow-out accrue from a lower live bird cost that can be achieved from precision feeding according to the relative growth rates of male and female broilers in separate flocks.  There is probably less intra-flock competition with single-gender placement and adjustment of feeder and drinker lines is simplified without compromising availability.  Financial benefits can be derived through reconfiguring placement and harvesting schedules, training of contractors and service people to the realities of separate gender grow-out including feeding programs and post placement vaccination.  Separation of male and female chicks at the hatchery does not necessarily guarantee a financial return, but provides the basis for integrators to realize significant financial return  through changes to existing straight-run grow-out.


TARGAN has developed an alliance with a major integrator allowing field evaluation of both the operational aspects and financial benefits.  This integrator produces a range of heavy broilers for portioning, conventional weights for whole-bird sales and small birds with a narrow weight range for QSR-portioning.  Clearly, separate-gender grow-out will have benefits at the two extremes of live weight both with respect to live bird production and processing.


TARGAN will have a receptive market in Brazil given the structure and export orientation of that industry. Importers in Middle Eastern nations require a narrow range of carcass weights within predetermined fixed-weight categories for bagged birds ranging from 900g to 1,300g. usually in 100g increments.


Although male and female chicks are placed separately with an anticipation of standard growth rate for a strain, biological factors including variability in nutrient quality, climatic extremes and disease challenge may result in deviation from standard daily gain. This requires fine-tuning of predicted harvest age to attain a predetermined live weight and uniformity.  A complementary technology to WingScan™ would be a machine-vision system to determine average bird weight in real-time based on continuous scanning of the flock.  Portable units could be placed in grow-out houses within two weeks of harvest to monitor weight and daily gain to optimize the uniformity of flocks delivered to the processing plant.


TARGAN has developed a practical method of separating male and female broiler chicks using its patented WingScan system.  Financial benefits to integrators will accrue only if they apply appropriate flock management, nutrition and scheduling of chick  placement and harvest.


Sustainability and Child Labor Resolutions Voted Down at Tyson Foods Shareholders Meeting


Resolutions by activist organizations to audit possible child-labor irregularities at Tyson Foods plants and to upgrade sustainability through packaging were both rejected by shareholders at the Annual Meeting on February 9th.


The Board of Directors was reelected and Kate B. Quinn was added to the Board. Among other accomplishments, Ms. Quinn was the Vice-chair and Chief Administration Officer at U.S. Bancorp.


Salmonella Reading Demonstrated to be Vertically Transmitted


Following outbreaks of Salmonella Reading among consumers of ground turkey and related products, widespread distribution of the pathogen was confirmed within the turkey industry.


To ascertain whether S. Reading can be transmitted by the vertical route, investigations led by Dr. Li Zhang at Mississippi State University were conducted using either the S. Reading outbreak isolate or an uninvolved strain both modified to exhibit bioluminescence. For convenience in investigating transmission, broiler breeder hens were infected by the intravaginal route.  Seventy percent of eggs were contaminated on the shell surface with the bioluminescent outbreak isolate and 35 percent using a non-implicated S. Reading strain.  Four percent of internal egg contents yielded the outbreak strain and 2 percent the non-outbreak strain.


Of ten broiler breeder hens euthanized, 20 percent of ovaries, 70 percent of oviduct tissue and 70 percent of cecal samples were positive to S. Reading irrespective of whether an outbreak or non-outbreak strain was used as the infective agent.


The study clearly indicates that S. Reading in the turkey industry as an epornitic analog of S. Enteritidis in egg production. Accordingly similar approaches to detection and eradication will be necessary applying enhanced structural and operational biosecurity including precautions with insemination, elimination of infected shedders at all generations down to parent level, environmental testing and possibly either vaccination or phage suppression. The only effective post-harvest modality for ground turkey would be electron-beam treatment or bulk Cobalt60 irradiation-effective but limited by public acceptance.


The project was funded by the USPOULTRY Foundation as Project #729.



Cargill Settles on Violations of the Packers and Stockyards Act


Cargill has reimbursed suppliers of cattle delivered from August 2021 through March 2022 for inaccurate yield grades. The assessed loss accruing to suppliers amounted to $12.5 million.  In addition, Cargill Meat Solutions will pay a $155,000 civil penalty in a settlement agreement with USDA Agricultural Marketing Service.


The consent decree enjoins Cargill from deviating from applicable installed camera-grading standards.



Hall County, NE. Urging Environmental Compliance for JBS Plant


At a public meeting on January 30th the Commissioners of Hall County, NE. heard testimony from residents impacted by frequent air and water contamination emanating from the JBS, Grand Island plant. The meeting included testimony from the Nebraska Department of Environment and Energy with documentation of at least one wastewater violation each month over a prolonged period.


The Board is responding by addressing a letter to the company urging it to be “more accountable in policies and practices concerning air and water environmental issues.”


The Head of Corporate Communications for JBS stated that the company is “working hard to address any potential impacts from the recent wastewater incident at our Grand Island beef production facility.”   A full investigation is underway as to what caused the failure of a lagoon structure leading to the released of two million gallons of effluent into the Wood River, potentially affecting wells and groundwater.


It is apparent that JBS Grand Island plant has a problem with waste disposal and accordingly appropriate investment will be required to prevent further environmental incidents.  The action of Hall County Commissioners by simply writing a letter encouraging compliance would appear inadequate. This as with the 2020 COVID crisis is a further example of the power of a large company responsible for significant employment and contribution to the tax base of a rural county.



Theft of Rationed Chicken in Cuba by Plant Workers


Press reports confirm that 30 workers at a plant processing chicken collectively stole 133 metric tons.  The product was intended for distribution in accordance with a State rationing system.  The accused were recorded removing packed chicken from a cold store by surveillance video. Sentences of up to 20 years in prison could be imposed for the crime.


During 2023, Cuba was the fourth ranked importer of U.S. broiler products, purchasing 260,582 metric tons, principally as leg quarters, valued at $286 million. Unit price was $1,098 per metric ton compared to an average for all exports amounting to $1,384 per metric ton.



USAPEEC Actively Involved in Trade Issues


According to the February 19th edition of USAPEEC MondayLine, the Trade and Technical Services Team has been active in attempting to resolve recent trade issues.  These include an unjustified closure of the market in Columbia, the Certificate of Conformity issued by the Republic of Congo and interpretation of changes in import regulations especially with respect to Mexico.


USAPEEC is also active in arranging and hosting visits by officials of importing nations to evaluate health and food safety procedures in U.S. plants.  A visit during early May is anticipated from the Republic of South Africa that recently rescinded some duties on imported chicken.


Upside Foods Cancels Illinois Project


In late 2023, Upside Foods announced their intention of establishing a production facility in Glenview, IL. planned to produce 30 million pounds of cell-cultured meat annually.  The plant extending over 187,000 square feet would have cost $140 million and employed 75 workers. Press reports indicate that since 2015 Upside Foods and its predecessor, Memphis Meats attracted $600 million in venture capital support.


Following the announcement of the intended production facility, Upside Foods was subject to negative publicity with disclosures that commercial production of cell-cultured meat could not be consistently achieved using large bioreactors installed in the Emeryville, CA plant.  Allegations from existing and ex-employees confirmed failure to scale-up production from laboratory-level plastic roller bottles to bioreactors, in common with many potential producers of cell-cultured meat and poultry.


According to Wired, Upside Foods has apparently laid off workers that were to be involved in planning and construction of the Glenview facility and that expansion at Emeryville will now proceed. Upside Foods now claim that problems previously limiting commercial production have been resolved. Given previous hype and misleading statements this will only be confirmed when cell-cultured product appears in supermarket display coolers.


Press reports suggest that investment in cell-cultured meat startups and existing operations has undergone a sharp reduction with growing disillusionment of their ability to produce on a commercial scale, in addition to regulatory hurdles, restrictive labeling legislation and indications of potential consumer rejection.


Metapneumovirus Emerges in the U.S.


Recently Avian metapneumovirus (AMP) infection was diagnosed in turkeys and broilers in North Carolina.  This virus is responsible for swollen head syndrome (SHS) in broilers and has been recognized as a clinical entity for over 45 years in various broiler production areas in the World. Although Koch’s postulates confirm that the AMP virus is pathogenic, clinical presentation and severity are influenced by intercurrent infection with other pathogens and environmental conditions.


In the Republic of South Africa where SHS was first described, the condition is both seasonal and regional.  Outbreaks were initially observed in broiler flocks on the highland (5,000-foot) inland  plateau during the harsh winter characterized by cold and dry conditions.  Outbreaks were associated with immunosuppression, at the time caused by emerging variants of infectious bursal disease.  Metapneumovirus resulted in a transient upper respiratory infection with obvious conjunctivitis and involvement of the Harderian gland.  Irritation caused mildly affected birds to  scratch at their eyelids. This resulted in superficial abrasions and lacerations of the periorbital region with introduction of fecal material carrying STEC from litter into the ocular adnexa. Within days, a flock aged from 20 to 30 days of age would progress from mild respiratory signs to severe cellulitis of the periorbital and head region with symblepharon and death due to dehydration. In severe case mortality could rise to 30 percent of the flock through to harvest with severe runting of affected survivors.


Fortunately, there are both serologic and antigen detection systems available in the U.S. at numerous laboratories to assist diagnosticians. 


  • The University of Georgia Poultry Disease Research Center (PDRC) offers an rt PCR assay for subtypes A, B and C of AMP.  Virus isolations are also available to conduct virus characterization.  The PDRC requests submission of whole heads, or tracheas, that must be collected  at an initial stage of an outbreak to avoid secondary bacterial contamination.  Specimens should be submitted by Express Next Day delivery on ice
  • The BioChek ELISA and the IDEX ELISA will detect antibodies to subtypes A and B and both are available at diagnostic laboratories operated by the Universities of Delaware, Purdue, Minnesota and Iowa State. 
  • rt PCR is available from AviServe, Iowa State University, NVSL, PDRC, South Dakota State University, University of Minnesota, the Pennsylvania Diagnostic Laboratory and the University of Delaware.


Practitioners involved in egg production should consider conducting serologic surveys on flocks to determine the extent of AMP exposure. The results would be especially instructive for flocks that have experienced high mortality due to avian coryza. This is predicated by observations that in the past two years, the mortality and impact on egg production due to avian coryza has become more severe, suggesting a concurrent pathogen exacerbating the impact of infection with the primary bacterial pathogen.


Dr. Jose Linares of CEVA Animal Health has prepared an overview with images of lesions associated with infection. This informative contribution can be accessed by clicking on to the link.


Avian Metapneumovirus – Diagnostic Labs that can test for aMPV


AviServe (Dr. Milos Markis)

In-house PCR (A,B,D); VI

ISU (Dr. Gazzar)

Idexx Elisa (A,B,C); qPCR; VI

NVSL (Dr. Torchetti)

In-house real-time RT-PCR (A,B,C); in-house ELISA (A,B,C); VI in support of control efforts,  WGS for virus monitoring efforts 

PDRC (Dr. Holly Sellars)


SDSU (Dr. Sunil Mor)

RT-PCR (A,B,C,D); NextGen; VI

UMN (Drs. Porter & Voss)

In-house PCR & Elisa (C); VI

Veterinary Diagnostic Pathology (Drs. Hoerr & Clontz)

Necropsy; Histopathology; Sample Collection & Distribution

USDA ARS (Dr. Kapczynski)


Whitbeck Lab

Bio-Chek Elisa (A,B)

PA-DLS (Drs. Niel & Lighty)

Necropsy; Histopathology; Sample Collection & Distribution

Purdue ADDL SIPAC (Dr. Grant Burcham)

Idexx Elisa (A,B,C)

University Delaware ADDL (Dr. Ladman)


Georgia Poultry Lab Network






Batista Brothers to Join Pilgrim’s Pride Board


Pilgrim’s Pride Corp. has announced that brothers Wesley and Joesley Batista will join the Board of the company.


The move follows their acquittal on a charge of insider trading alleged by the CVN the authority in Brazil regulating the stock market.  Concurrently the Supreme Court of Brazil has suspended a $2.0 billion fine imposed on the holding company J&F relating to a leniency agreement in 2017.


It is the intent of J&F Investimentos, the controlling entity of JBS S.A. to seek a NYSE listing. This has engendered opposition in Congress and also from consumer and investment groups.



Boehringer-Ingelheim Launches Vaxxilive® Cocci 3 Vaccine


Boehringer-Ingelheim has announced that Vaxxilive® Cocci 3 will be available for broilers superseding Hatchpak® Cocci III.


The vaccine contains precocious Eimeria species that affect broilers.  Precocious strains do not produce the same level of tissue damage as conventional strains as they only undergo one cycle of asexual reproduction (schizogony).  Boehringer-Ingelheim has positioned the vaccine for year-ground use as an alternative to feed additive anticoccidial drugs.


In announcing the launch, Dr. Rick Phillips, Director for Key Account Veterinarians stated, “As with any vaccination, choosing a product is only half the battle.”  He added, “Our experienced and knowledgeable field team provides industry-leading support to producers, regularly visiting them to review vaccination protocols, and to create and maintain comprehensive poultry health programs.”


JBS Foods Settles Class Action Wage Lawsuit


Following the filing of a lawsuit in the Federal District Court of the District of Colorado, JBS Foods has reached a settlement with the Plaintiff class without disclosure of details.  The Plaintiffs claim that eleven companies colluded to set wage rates and discriminated against workers desiring to switch employers, referred to as “no-poach” agreements.  All major packers are included among the eleven defendants alleged to have violated the Sherman Antitrust Act. Other defendants include AgriStats Inc, Agri-Beef and other entities that circulated wage data.


McDonald’s No Longer Just a “Burger Company”


During an investors’ call following the release of FY 2023 financial results, CEO Christopher Kempczinski noted that chicken products including sandwiches and nuggets now exceed the sales value of beef burgers.


The acceptance of chicken, based on nutritional value, taste and price together with negative perceptions of health and sustainability associated with beef are driving the trend.


The challenge for the broiler industry is to develop innovative products compatible with QSR menus and servings that can reduce cost to customers and generate demand.


Louis Dreyfus Pea Protein Plant


Louie Dreyfus Company is constructing a plant to isolate pea protein in Yorktown, Saskatoon, Canada.  Pea protein will be available for plant-based dairy and meat alternatives.  The facility will be completed by the end of 2025.


Michael Gelchie, CEO of Louis Dreyfus stated, “the investment announced today is an important step in the Group’s global growth strategy as part of our plans to diversify revenue through value-added products”.


Previously, CHICK-NEWS reported on the application by a U.S. company to impose a dumping duty on pea protein produced in China.  Investigations showed that companies involved in manufacture and export to the U.S. received subsidies from the state, creating unfair competition against producers in North America.


The short-term result of result of the dumping duty on approximately 150,000 metric tons of product from China will be to raise the cost of plant-based meat substitutes. This will further increase losses incurred by manufacturers of these products.



RSA Applies Rebates on Chicken Imports


On January 26th, the Department of Trade, Industry and Competition of the Republic of South Africa announced a rebate on both boneless and bone-in chicken imports.  These will comprise a 25 percent rebate on bone-in cuts and 30 percent on boneless chicken.  The decision follows applications made by the Association of Meat Importers and Exporters and reflects the disparity between supply and demand in the Nation.  Predictably, the South African Poultry Association was opposed to the rebate claiming that there was no shortage of poultry meat over the Christmas period that is seasonally characterized by high demand.


The decision to grant rebates was made by the Government to reduce the effect of inflation on a critical protein ingredient.  The African National Congress Party that has ruled South Africa since the transition from apartheid is facing a general election with unprecedented opposition. This is a result of rampant corruption, the unfavorable economic situation, uncontrolled crime and an inability to provide services including power.


According to USDA-FAS GAIN Report SF2024-0002 released on February 6th, “The cost of bone-in chicken meat in South Africa has increased by 28 percent over the past three years, attributed in part to anti-competitive prices due to protection from international competition.”


In March 2020, South Africa increased the most-favored-nation duties on bone-in chicken from 37 percent to 62 percent together with an increase from 12 percent to 42 percent for boneless portions.  The U.S. and Brazil are subject to additional antidumping duties on bone-in chicken.

The volume of chicken meat subject to the rebate will be limited to 172,000 metric tons and the quota will be divided into quarterly increments.


During 2023 18th-ranked South Africa imported 44,324 metric tons of chicken products valued at $42.4 million with a unit cost of $957 per metric ton. Volume and value were down 20 percent compared to 2022


Aviagen Receives USPOULTRY Award for IPPE Participation


This year Aviagen received a special award for seventy years of continuous participation in the International Production and Processing Exhibition and its progenitors including the Southeast Poultry Show. Marla Robinson accepted the award from USPOULTRY chairman Mikell Fries. 



During the concurrent American Feed Industry Association meeting Anne-Marie Netson, Global Senior Advisor for Welfare Sustainability and Compliance addressed environmental and sustainability challenges including lifecycle analysis and establishing company-specific targets for change. 


In reviewing the Aviagen participation at the 2024 IPPE, CEO Jan Henriksen noted, “Our show theme and corporate philosophy of breeding success together was demonstrated.  We were pleased to connect with our esteemed customers and industry stakeholders sharing ideas and best practices.”


Definition of Free and Pasture Raised Under Review


A bipartisan group of members of the House have requested USDA to expedite a review of the Perdue Farms petition filed in March 2023 regarding the definition of “free-range” and “pasture-raised” claims.  At issue is whether the eventual definition will favor specific production systems and operators of farms or even result in unintended consequences.


A small-scale producer in Vermont noted that broilers “range outside houses in the morning and evening but are not naturally adventurous and will not explore very far beyond their shelters.”  This observation is common to free-range egg production flocks allowed access to pasture where they remain in proximity to their houses, cluster and demonstrate fear of predation.


It is generally accepted by both large and small-scale producers that clear definitions are required to obviate consumer confusion.  Once standards are adopted, it will be necessary to ensure that label claims are consistent with actual production systems used.



Ahold Delhaize Withdraws from Meat Processing


In a February 7th announcement, Cargill will purchase two case-ready meat plants located in North Kingstown, RI. and Camp Hill, PA. from subsidiaries owned by Ahold-Delhaize, a multinational food retailer with an extensive presence in the U.S.


The plants are currently operated by Cargill and the divestment is logical based on the respective businesses of the two parties.  Hans Kabat, president of Cargill. North American Protein Segment stated, “With this investment we look forward to our continued partnership with Ahold Delhaize USA while bringing additional high-quality case-ready products to new retail customers.  J. Fleeman CEO of Ahold-Delhaize USA stated, “By aligning these facilities with a company that specializes in meat production, we can continue to provide quality products to our brands’, quality products to our customers and increase our focus on being a leading omnichannel retailer.”


K&N’s Wins Federation of Pakistan Chamber of Commerce Achievement Award


K&N’s an integrated producer and processor has once again received an Achievement Award from the Federation of Pakistan Chamber of Commerce and Industry.  This recognizes outstanding service to the poultry and frozen food industries of the Nation.  Other considerations include meritorious service to the business community and contribution to the industry and to national economic development.


K&N’s is a second-generation enterprise founded 60 years ago. The company is integrated from parent stock multiplication, through production and sale of broilers, feed production and processing. The Company pioneered distribution of branded products in Pakistan with a wide range including whole chickens, premium cuts, further-processed breaded portions and ethnic dishes including kabobs and samosas.


OSHA to Levy Fines on Case Farms, Winesburg, OH. Plant


Following an inspection on August 7th, 2023, the U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) proposed fines of $400,000 on the Case Farms broiler processing plant in Winesburg, OH.  The inspection was carried out under the Severe Violator Enforcement program based on a history of 450 citations since 1988 in plants operated by the company in North Carolina and Ohio. Major areas of concern included lack of machine guarding, trip-and-fall hazards, failure to use lockout procedures and inadequate training of workers. Case Farms employs 3,500 workers nationwide, including 575 at the Winesburg facility with a throughput of 150,000 birds per day.


The categorization of Case Farms as a Severe Violator is in conflict with a number of awards received by the company for workplace safety.  The Joint Industry Safety and Health Council (JISHC) recognized six facilities including two processing plants and four hatcheries for “outstanding performance in implementing innovative and effective employee safety and health programs”.  Case Farms received the honors at the 2023 National Safety Conference for the poultry industry in mid-August.


Tyler Parlier, Regional Safety Manager for Case Farms, stated, “Safety is intertwined with everything we do at Case Farms, every location and every team member to be recognized for our safe working practices is simply outstanding.  Several of our locations have received awards in safety for many consecutive years, proving that we are committed to working safely.” The Winesburg plant that was the subject of OSHA fines and previous violations received the Award of Honor.


Recognition by the JISHC is based on Total Recordable Incident Rate, Days Away, and restricted or transferred employees, all in compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration safety metrics. 


The concurrent awards to Case Farms for safety and the fines imposed by OSHA appear to be in conflict. An explanation either by the Company or the Federal agency is indicated.


YUM! Brands Reports on Q4 and FY 2023


On February 7th, YUM! Brands (YUM) reported on Q4 and FY 2023 ending December 31st. Results for the quarter were below Zach’s estimates of  $2.12 billion for revenue and $1.39 for EPS.  For the period, the Company posted net income of $463 million on an unexpectedly low revenue of $2,036 million, including company sales, franchise fees and advertising, generating a diluted EPS of $1.62.  Comparative values for Q4 of fiscal 2022 were net earnings of $371 million on revenue of $2,019 million with a diluted EPS of $1.31. Operating margin increased from 28.6 percent to 29.9 percent for the most recent quarter. Digital sales were up 22 percent in FY 2023 approaching 45 percent of sales.


For FY 2023 the Company posted net income of $1,597 million on revenue of $7,076 million, with a diluted EPS of $5.68.  Comparative values for FY 2022 were net earnings $1,325 million on revenue of $6,842 million with a diluted EPS of $4.63.


During Q4 the holding Company purchased 218 KFC restaurants in England and Ireland and opened 1,853 new units worldwide.


The KFC division comprising 29,900 restaurants posted a two percent growth in same-store sales The KFC division generated an operating profit of $329 million achieving an operating margin of 43.4 percent. Of total KFC sales expressed as a percentage, China attained 27; U.S.,15; Europe, 11 and the remainder from Asia.


The Pizza Hut division comprising 19,866 restaurants posted 2 percent decline in same-store sales. The Pizza Hut division generated an operating profit of $99 million with an operating margin of 35 percent. Of total Pizza Hut sales expressed as a percentage, U.S. attained 41; China.,18; Europe  and Asia, 13 each.


The Taco Bell division comprising 8,564 restaurants posted a three percent increase in same-store sales with system with operating profit of $286 million attaining an operating margin of 34.9 percent. During Q4 201 restaurants were added.


In commenting on results David Gibbs, CEO stated, “2023 was another remarkable year for Yum! Brands as we crossed the $60 billion system sales threshold and exceeded all aspects of our long-term growth algorithm. We achieved 10 percent system sales growth with broad-based strength across the globe and another record year for development, opening over 4,700 new stores. We also made massive strides in scaling our proprietary digital and AI-driven ecosystem in partnership with our franchisees. Looking to 2024, this will be a year of major milestones as we cross 30,000 restaurants at KFC, 20,000 at Pizza Hut and well over 60,000 globally for Yum!"


Chris Turner, CFO, commented “Last year proved to be another great example of Yum!’s unique blend of growth and resilience. We delivered percent unit growth, one percent system sales growth, and 12 percent Core Operating profit growth. Simply put, there is no other retail business that is growing across 110 different countries and opening the equivalent of a new store roughly every two hours.


On December 31st 2023 Yum Brands posted total assets of $6,231 million including goodwill and intangibles of $1,019 million against long-term debt of $11,142 million and an accumulated shareholder’s deficit of $7,858 million. Yum Brands! had a market capitalization of $36,610 million on February 9th.  The share has traded over 52 weeks in a range of $115.53 to $143.25 with a 50-day moving average of $125.91.  On a trailing 12-month basis, operating margin was 31.9 percent, profit margin 22.6 percent with a return on assets of 24.5 percent.  YUM! is held primarily by institutions that collectively hold 80.0 percent of equity.


Protectionism Theme of Poultry Market Intelligence Forum


Brian Earnest of CoBank addressing the domestic and global poultry market outlook for the poultry and egg industry noted that exporters will face increasing trade protectionism.  Earnest observed that importing nations are maintaining tariffs and imposing additional restrictions.  This may be reflected in the political rhetoric of the former president who has stated that if elected his administration would impose high tariffs on imports from China.


Dr. David Swayne reviewing the impact of highly pathogenic avian influenza considered control measures including unsuccessful attempts at eradication applying flock depopulation.  Given that H5N1 clade is now endemic in migratory waterfowl and marine birds, the disease is pandemic requiring reevaluation of barriers to international trade coupled with alternative control measures including vaccination.


Christian Richter of the Policy Group opined that despite current buoyant economic reports, global trade may be impacted by the world economic situation and the disparity between rich and poor nations.  Richter noted that the outlook may be “ugly and unpredictable”.  He pointed to failure to produce an acceptable farm bill that should have been concluded in 2023. Major issues of contention comprise the magnitude of SNAP funding and price supports for commodities. These concerns coupled with political considerations in an election year have impeded compromise and a bipartisan approach to compromise over farm legislation that has characterized all previous farm bills.



Tom Hensley USPOULTRY Workhorse of the Year


Tom Hensley president of Fieldale Farms was named as the 2024 USPOULTRY Workhorse of the Year.  This prestigious honor is awarded annually in recognition of dedicated service and leadership extended to the association and the poultry industry.


Jarod Morrison outgoing Chair of USPOULTRY stated, “It is truly an honor to bestow this prestigious award on Tom for his long-time service to both the U.S. poultry and egg industry and to USPOULTRY.  His contributions to the Association and the Foundation have help the organization to prosper and grow through his guidance and input.”


Hensley has been active in USPOULTRY serving as Chair of the Board of Directors in 2018 and of the Foundation in 2019.  He has served on the Board for 13 years.


Nath Morris president of USPOULTRY stated, “Tom’s commitment to service and giving to others has greatly aided USPOULTRY and the Foundation.”




Contractor Files Lawsuit Against Case Farms


Randy Black a contractor to Case Farms in North Carolina has filed a federal lawsuit claiming that the company concealed information concerning the tournament system.  Black alleges that Case Farms controls all aspects of grow-out including selection of broiler strains, nutrition and that the tournament system allows the Company to manipulate remuneration.


To state that growers bear risks related to their operations is a misrepresentation of the contract system.  Fluctuation in the cost of feed and market prices are borne by integrators.  Differences in performance criteria that determine payment relate to the construction of houses including insulation, equipment and above all management of ventilation and other aspects of grow-out that are directly responsibilities of the contractor following Company guidance provided by servicepersons. At the end of the day both parties benefit from attaining high levels of performance.


The lawsuit obviously relates to the proposed new rules under the Packers and Stockyards Act intended to create greater transparency in contracts and the elimination of the tournament system. If successful the case law established will lead to an avalanche of claims.


Kemin Introduces KemTRACE™ Chromium Supplement


KemTRACE chromium supplement is now marketed by Kemin to provide an organic source of chromium for turkeys.


Kristi Krafka, Vice President of Regulatory Affairs and Quality Assurance for Kemin Animal Nutrition and Health stated, “we are thrilled that the use of chromium propionate in animal diets continues to expand in the U.S. and beyond”.  She added, “Kemin has devoted decades advancing the nutritional performance of livestock and poultry through novel feeding ingredients and is now able to offer safe and effective KemTRACE chromium to turkey producers, nutritionist and veterinarians”.


Studies have indicated that supplementing diets with chromium propionate improves growth of turkeys with a wide safety margin.  For additional information on KemTRACE, click on to the Kemin logo on the right side of the Welcome page.


University of California, Davis Establishes Alternative Meat Center


The University of California, Davis is using part of a California legislative grant of $1.7 million to establish the Integrative Center for Alternative Meat and Protein.  The objective of the center will be to evaluate consumer attitudes concerning alternative proteins and to facilitate large-scale commercialization and technological advancement.


In this venture UC Davis will collaborate with the University of Maryland, the Culinary Institute of America and various community colleges.


It is ironic that a Land Grant university with departments dealing with dairy, ruminant and poultry production has established a Center that has the objective of displacing these segments of the livestock industry.


The California Legislature that embraces the need for enhanced sustainability is clearly opposed to intensive production. Their vision is contrary to the realities of providing nutritious and inexpensive protein to consumers. But that is what the Left Coast is about.


Tyson Foods Inc. Reports on Q1 of FY 2024


In a press release dated February 5th Tyson Foods Inc. (TSN) announced results for the 1st quarter of FY 2024 ending December 30th 2023. TSN posted lower revenue than the $13,457 anticipated but was higher on adjusted earnings ($0.69 vs. $0.40).


The following table summarizes the results for the period compared with the values for the corresponding quarter of the previous fiscal year (Values expressed as US$ x 1,000 except EPS)


First Quarter Ending

Dec. 30th 2023

 Dec. 31st 2022

Difference (%)





Gross profit:




Operating income (loss):




Pre-tax income (loss)

Net income (loss)







Diluted GAAP earnings per share

Adjusted earnings per share







Gross Margin (%)




Operating Margin (%)




Profit Margin (%)




Long-term Debt and other liabilities:




12 Months Trailing:


Return on Assets (%)



Return on Equity (%)



Operating Margin (%)



Profit Margin (%)



Total Assets*: Dec. 30th ‘23/Dec. 31st 2022




Intraday Market Capitalization Feb 5th 2024



* Goodwill and intangibles 43.1 percent of total assets


52-Week Range in Share Price of TSN: $56.32 to $61.20. 50-day Moving average, $52.36

Market Close: Friday February 2nd $56.30. Monday February 5th post release, $60.47.

Forward P/E 27.5 Beta 0.8


The Chicken Segment attained sales of $4,033 million ($4,263 million in Q1 FY 2023) representing 30.2 percent of Company revenue. GAAP operating income attained $177 million in Q1 representing 76.7 percent of net Company operating income. Operating income in Q1 FY 2022 was $69 million representing 14.8 percent of net Company income. For the Chicken Segment the report stated:- “The USDA projects chicken production will be flat in FY 2024”. Anticipated adjusted operating income for the segment was forecast at $500 to $700 million for FY 2024.


For comparison among Tyson Foods’ business segments the adjusted operating income (loss) in Q1 2024 were respectively:- Pork, $39 million; Beef, $(206) million; Prepared Foods $243 million and International $(22) million.


In commenting on results Donnie King, president and CEO stated “Our team executed well in the quarter and delivered tangible results, including our third sequential quarter of adjusted operating income growth," He added, "We saw the benefits of our diverse protein portfolio and realization of operational efficiencies from the strategic decisions we made in the past year."


King opined, "Although we still have work to do, I am pleased with our first quarter results and am confident we are on the right path to deliver long-term shareholder value," He concluded, "Going forward, we will continue to prioritize our liquidity and financial health, our focus on operational excellence, and our relentless pursuit to win with customers and consumers."


Guidance for FY 2024 included Revenue unchanged from FY 2023. Adjusted operating income for the Company was stated to be $1.0 to $1.5 billion. Capital expenditure was reduced to $1.0 to 1.5 billion. In the Q2 2013 report Tyson Foods projected $1 billion in savings from the “Productivity Program” by the end of 2024 although this prediction was not confirmed as a quantitative value in the most recent quarterly report but was alluded to.


Moody’s recently lowered the outlook for Tyson Foods but the credit rating was not changed at Baa2, slightly above ‘junk’ status. The Company has $1.25 billion maturing in August 2024. Net interest will amount to $400 million n FY 2024.


Family of Duvan Perez File Lawsuit Against Mar-Jac


Edilma Ramirez, mother of 16-year-old Duvan Perez, has filed a wrongful death lawsuit against Mar-Jac Poultry and Onin Staffing following the death of her son.  The lawsuit was filed in the Circuit Court of Forrest County, MS. alleging that the company was negligent in maintaining acceptable safety precautions to prevent death and injury of workers.  The other issue relates to the employment of Perez, a minor, who was placed by the staffing contractor with false documentation, claiming that the minor decedent was 32 years of age. With respect to both allegations neither Mar-Jac nor Onin could present a credible defense for what is clearly res ipso loquitur. Negotiation and checkbook time!


It is a matter of record that the Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration sanctioned Mar-Jac following the investigation of the accident.  Previously, a worker at the same Mar-Jac plant was killed in a similar incident involving activation of equipment during cleaning.  Both accidents can be attributed to deficiencies in training and supervision including failure to actively implement tag-out procedures to prevent accidental activation of dangerous mechanical equipment.


Wings Consumed During 2024 Super Bowl


The National Chicken Council (NCC) estimated that 1.45 billion wings were consumed during the 2024 Super Bowl LVIII weekend.


The NCC projection was unchanged from 2023 despite a recent decline in inventory of this category.  According to the January 24th, 2024, USDA Cold Storage Report, the Wings category showed an 18.5 percent decrease from December 31st, 2022, to a stock of 67.1 million lbs. on December 31st 2023. Although there has been growth in consumption in this category, sales are impacted by competition from boneless wings.  Increased demand during 2023 was however reflected in higher prices.  It is apparent that grocery retailers are constraining margins to achieve higher sales possibly since a high volume of marinated and breaded wings are now available in bulk, catering and convenience packs from club stores, suitable for home football parties, tailgating and other sports-related events.


The popularity of wings is evidenced by the quarterly reports of Wingstop®, a franchisor of stores serving and delivering various forms of breaded and marinated wings. Some QSRs and casual dining restaurants have added wings to their menus increasing demand relative to availability.


Dr. Jim Perdue Receives NPFDA Lifetime Achievement Award


he National Protein and Food Distribution Association (NPFDA) awarded the 2024 Lifetime Achievement Award to Dr. Jim Perdue, the third-generation chairman of Perdue Farms.  In receiving the award, Jim Perdue stated, “My grandfather Arthur W. Perdue built our business on quality, integrity and trust and my father transformed the industry”.  He added, “I am proud to carry on the legacy into our companies second century.  While the business may have changed over the years, our values continue to guide our decisions today”. 


He accepted the award on behalf of hard-working associates of Perdue Farms.  Jim Perdue earned Masters and Doctoral degrees before joining the company in 1983 working his way up to become Chairman of the Board in 1991. Among many accomplishments during his tenure, Perdue Farms was the first to adopt a no-antibiotics-ever (NAE) protocol.


Jim Perdue is active in community organizations and industry associations including non-profits dedicated to preservation of the Chesapeake Bay.


Dissent in the E.U. Over Cell-Cultivated Meat


The E.U. Food Safety Authority has yet to make a decision on the acceptability of cell-cultured meat. There is clear division among nations of the E.U. with opposition based on narrow concerns supporting existing agricultural systems contrasted with environmental considerations.  Twelve E.U. nations consider cultivated meat to “represent a threat to primary farm-based approaches and genuine food production methods that are the heart of the European farming model.” 


This approach is exemplified by Italy and France among other nations that have enacted legislation banning the sale of cell-cultivated meat although of questionable acceptance by the E.U. Some nations including Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and the U.K. have promoted cell-cultivated meat based on environmental motives and promotion of technology.


The entire question of whether cell-cultivated meat should be banned or promoted may be moot.  There is growing evidence that consumers may sample cell-cultivated meat provided it is available at a price that is competitive compared to the real product but there is evidence that potential buyers view the entire technology with suspicion.  The second and most important restraint to extensive production and consumption of cell-cultivated meat is the fact that no company has successfully transitioned from pilot scale to commercial production using bioreactors.  The likelihood of companies producing sufficient quantities of product with the organoleptic qualities of pork, beef, chicken and lamb is unlikely even in the intermediate term.  Cell-cultivated meat is not going to reverse deforestation to produce beef or reduce greenhouse gas emissions from animal waste despite the hype. Currently broilers and eggs have the smallest environmental footprint among animal products and contribute to the availability of inexpensive and nutritious protein.


Activist Organization Petitioning FSIS over Welfare Jurisdiction


Animal Partisan has petitioned the Food Safety and Inspection Service to allow intervention by state personnel to enforce welfare in federally-inspected plants.


The Animal Partisan petition filed in early September 2023 requires FSIS to “publish a notice clarifying that federal law does not necessarily prevent state government officials from bringing animal cruelty charges when farmed animals are abused in slaughter plants”.


Subsequent to the filing, the Animal Welfare Institute issued comments supporting the Animal Partisan petition noting that “it could significantly improve the welfare of animals at slaughter”.


If granted, the petition would create a problem of divided jurisdiction and encourage activists in state agencies to intervene and bring legal action against processing plants that function under federal jurisdiction.


If there are deficiencies in handling live animals and poultry before slaughter, it is the responsibility of federal inspectors to enforce provisions of the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act and the Poultry Products Inspection Act.


Copyright © 2024 Simon M. Shane