Poultry Industry Statistics and Reports

Broiler Month

04/27/2024

Monthly Broiler Production and Prices, April 25th 2024.

 

Broiler Chick Placements.

 

According to the April 17th 2024 USDA Broiler Hatchery Reports, 982.02 million eggs were set over four weeks extending from the week ending March 23rd 2024 through April 13th 2024 inclusive. This quantity was two percent higher compared to the corresponding period in 2023.

 

Total chick placements for the U.S. over the four-week period amounted to 756.06 million chicks. Claimed hatchability for the period averaged 78.9 percent for eggs set three weeks earlier, down from 79.7 percent for the preceding four-week period. Each 1.0 percent change in hatchability represents approximately 1.89 million chicks placed per week and 1.80 million broilers processed, assuming five percent culls and mortality and with the current range of weekly settings.

 

Cumulative chick placements for the period January 7th through December 30th 2023 amounted to 9.67 billion chicks. For January 6th through April 13th 2024 chick placements attained 2.81 billion

 

According to the April 22nd 2024 edition of the USDA Chickens and Eggs pullet breeder chicks hatched and intended for U.S. placement during March 2024 amounted to 9.42 million, up 4.8 percent (428,000 pullet chicks) from March 2023 and 14.9 percent (1.22 million pullet chicks) more than the previous month of February 2024. Broiler breeder hen complement attained 62.6 million on March 1st 2024, 2.6 percent more (1.6 million hens) than on March 1st 2023.

 

Broiler Production

 

As documented in the April 19th 2024 USDA Broiler Market News Reports for the processing week ending April 13th 2024, 162.2 million broilers were processed at 6.44 lbs. live. This was 1.0 percent more than the 160.6 million broilers processed during the corresponding week in the previous month of March 2024 and 3.2 percent less than the 167.6 million processed during the corresponding week in April 2023. Broilers processed in 2024 to date amounted to 2,420 million, 2.7 percent lower than for the corresponding period in 2023.

 

Ready to cook (RTC) weight for the most recent week in April was 793.6 million lbs. (360.72 metric tons). This was 1.4 percent more than the 782.3 million lbs. processed during the corresponding week in March 2024 and 1.6 percent less than the 806.1 million lbs. during the corresponding week in April 2023. Dressing percentage was a nominal 76.0 percent. For 2024 to date RTC broiler production attained 11,883 million lbs. (5.40 million metric tons). This quantity was 1.1 percent less than the corresponding period in 2023.

 

Broiler Prices

 

The USDA National Composite Weighted Wholesale price compared over a four-week period was up 0.9 cents per lb. or 0.7 percent to 132.1 cents per lb. compared to the corresponding week in March 2024. The attached USDA figures denote average prices over three-years.

 

Leading QSRs are using increasing quantities of breast meat for sandwiches, strips and nuggets. Inflation is increasing consumer awareness of value with chicken benefitting at the expense of beef and pork.

 

The USDA National benchmark prices in cents per lb. (rounded to nearest cent) are tabulated from the USDA Weekly National Chicken Report released on April 19th.


 

Turkey Month

04/26/2024

Monthly Turkey Production and Prices, April 26th 2024

 

Poult Production and Placement:

The April 12th 2024 edition of the USDA Turkey Hatchery Report, issued monthly, documented 24.14 million eggs in incubators on April 1st 2024 compared to 26.39 million eggs on April 1st 2023* The April 2024 set was down 2.25 million eggs (8.5 percent) from April 2023 and 0.55 million eggs (2.2 percent) less than the previous month of March 2024.

 

A total of 21.67 million poults were hatched during March 2024 down 1.95 million poults (8.3 percent) compared to 23.62 million in March 2023*. The March 2024 hatch was up 1.40 million poults (6.9 percent) from the previous month of February.

 

A total of 20.15 million poults were placed on farms in the U.S. in March 2024, compared to 21.91 million in March 2023*. The March 2024 placement was 1.60 million poults (8.6 percent) less than in March 2023* 2023. This data confirms disposal of 1.53 million poults during the month. Approximately 7.0 percent of the March 2024 hatch was not placed.

 

For the twelve-month period April 2023 through March 2024 inclusive, 265.79 million poults were hatched and 248.14 million were placed. This confirms disposal of 17.65 million poults over the 12-month period, corresponding to 6.6 percent of all poults hatched.

* USDA revision from previous monthly report.

 

 

Turkey Production:

 

The April 19th 2024 edition of the Turkey Market News Reports documented the following provisional data for turkeys slaughtered under Federal inspection:-

 

  • For the processing week ending April 13th 2024, 1,744 million hens were processed at 16.2 lbs. live. This was 5.5 percent more than the 1.653 million hens processed during the corresponding week in March 2024 and 8.3 percent less than the 1.903 million processed during the corresponding week in April 2023. Hen slaughter year-to-date has attained 24.45 million, 4.3 percent less than for the corresponding period in 2023.
  • Ready to cook (RTC) weight for hens over the most recent week was 22.74 million lbs. (10,336 metric tons). This quantity was 2.7 percent more than the 22.14 million lbs. for corresponding week in March 2024 and 12.9 percent less than the 26.12 million lbs. during the corresponding week in April 2023. Dressing percentage was a nominal 80.5 percent. For 2024 to date RTC hen production attained 329.0 million lbs. (149,545 metric tons). This quantity is 10.1 percent less than for the corresponding period in 2023.
  • For the processing week ending April 13th 2024, 2.049 million toms were processed at 45.4 lbs. live. This was 1.2 percent more than the 2.025 million toms processed during the corresponding week in March 2024 and 0.3 percent more than the 2.043 million during the corresponding week in March 2023. Year-to-date 29.24 million toms have been processed, 0.8 percent more than for the corresponding period in 2023.
  • Ready to cook (RTC) weight for toms during the most recent week was 74.8 million lbs. (34,016 metric tons). This quantity was 2.9 percent more than the 72.7 million lbs. processed during the corresponding week in April 2024 and 1.3 percent more than the 73.8 million lbs. during the corresponding week in March 2023. Dressing percentage was a nominal 80.5 percent. For 2024 to date RTC tom production attained 1,059.8 million lbs. (481,727 metric tons). This quantity is 2.0 percent more than the corresponding period in 2022.

 

Wholesale Prices

 

The National average frozen hen price (8 to 16 lbs) for conventional birds during the past week was 91.0 cents per lb., down 12 cents per lb. (11.7 percent) from the corresponding week in March 2024 and down 50 cents per lb. from the three-year average of approximately 140 cents per lb. The following prices rounded to the nearest cent were documented in the new format report for domestic and export trading on April 19th 2024:-


 

Meat Exports

04/20/2024

U.S. Broiler and Turkey Exports, January-February 2024

 

OVERVIEW

 

Total exports of bone-in broiler parts and feet during January-February 2024 attained 573,029 metric tons, 7.2 percent lower than in January-February 2023 (617,370 metric tons). Total value of broiler exports increased by 0.7 percent to $751.8 million ($746.5 million).

 

Total export volume of turkey products during January-February 2024 attained 33,173 metric tons, 41.7 percent more than in January-February 2023 (23,404 metric tons). Total value of turkey exports increased by 12.7 percent to $90.5 million ($80.3 million).

 

Unit price for the broiler industry is constrained by the fact that leg quarters comprise over 97 percent of broiler meat exports by volume (excluding feet). From the first quarter of 2021 through 2022, unit value of leg quarters increased consistent with international demand followed by a decline in 2023. Leg quarters represent a relatively low-value undifferentiated commodity lacking in pricing power. Exporters of commodities are subjected to competition from domestic production in importing nations. Generic products such as leg quarters are vulnerable to trade disputes and embargos based on real or contrived disease restrictions.

 

HPAI has emerged as a panornitic affecting the poultry meat industries of four continents with seasonal outbreaks. The distribution in the U.S. limits eligibility for export depending on restrictions imposed by importing nations

 

Ongoing outbreaks of African swine fever in China and Southeast Asia from early 2019 and Europe from 2010 onwards reduced the availability of pork. In addition, disruptions in chicken production and logistics due to COVID restrictions decreased availability of protein with international repercussions on trade in chicken and pork. The demand for pork imports to China has diminished with restoration of domestic hog production. Mild overproduction is evident in the white-feathered broiler sector with implications for exports other than feet extending into 2024.

 

EXPORT VOLUMES AND PRICES FOR BROILER MEAT

 

During January-February 2024 the National Chicken Council (NCC), citing USDA-FAS data, documented exports of 578,170 metric tons of chicken parts and other forms (whole and prepared), down 6.9 percent from January-February 2023. Exports were valued at $395.0 million with a weighted average unit value of $1,301 per metric ton.

 

The NCC breakdown of chicken exports for January 2024 by proportion and unit price for each category compared with the corresponding month in 2023 (with the unit price in parentheses) comprised:-

 

  • Chicken parts (excluding feet) 2%; Unit value $1,256 per metric ton ($1,164)
  • Prepared chicken 2%; Unit value $4,501 per metric ton ($4,202)
  • Whole chicken 6%; Unit value $1,789 per metric ton ($1,593)
  • Composite Total 0%; Av. value $1,330 per metric ton ($1,222)

 

The following table prepared from USDA data circulated by the USAPEEC, compares values for poultry meat exports during January-February 2024 compared with the corresponding months of 2023:-

 

PRODUCT

 

Jan.-Feb. 2023

 

Jan.-Feb. 2024

 

DIFFERENCE

Broiler Meat & Feet

     

Volume (metric tons)

617,370

573,029

-4,432 (-7.2%)

Value ($ millions)

746.5

751.8

+5.3 (+0.7%)

Unit value ($/m. ton)

1,209

1,312

+103 (+8.5%)

Turkey Meat

     

Volume (metric tons)

23,404

33,172

+9,768 (+41.7%)

Value ($ millions)

11.2

12.2

+1.0 ( +8.9%)

Unit value ($/m. ton)

4,786

3,678

-1,108 (-23.2%)

 

COMPARISON OF U.S. CHICKEN AND TURKEY EXPORTS

 

JANUARY-FEBRUATY 2024 COMPARED TO 2023

 

BROILER EXPORTS

 

Total broiler parts, predominantly leg quarters but including feet, exported during January-February 2024 compared with January-February 2023 declined by 7.2 percent in volume but was up 0.7 percent in value. Unit value was 8.5 percent higher to $1,312 per metric ton.

 

During 2023 exports attained 3,635,178 metric tons valued at $4,739 million, down 4.2 percent in volume and down 9.2 percent in value compared to 2022. Unit value was down 9.5 percent to $1,284 per metric ton

 

Broiler imports in 2023 were projected to attain 72,000 metric tons (158 million lbs.)


 

Meat Projection April 2024

04/20/2024

Updated USDA-ERS Poultry Meat Projection for April 2024. 

 

On April 17th 2024 the USDA-Economic Research Service released updated production and consumption data with respect to broilers and turkeys, covering 2022 (actual), a revised projection for 2023 and a forecast for 2024.

 

The 2023 projection for broiler production is 46,387 million lbs. (21.085 million metric tons) up 0.4 percent from 2022 and less than a 0.1 percent upward adjustment from the February 2024 report. USDA projected per capita consumption of 99.5 lbs. (45.2 kg.) for 2023, down 0.1 percent from 2022. Exports will attain 7,265 million lbs. (3.302 million metric tons), 0.1 percent below the previous year.

 

The 2024 USDA forecast for broiler production will be 47,100 million lbs. (21.409 million metric tons) up 1.5 percent from 2023 with per capita consumption up 0.8 lb. to 100.3 lbs. (45.6 kg). Exports will be 2.8 percent lower compared to 2023 at 7,060 million lbs. (3.209 million metric tons), equivalent to 14.9 percent of production.

 

 

Production values for the broiler and turkey segments of the U.S. poultry meat industry are tabulated below:-

 

Parameter

2022

(actual)

     2023

(projection)

    2024

(forecast)

  Difference

2023 to 2024

 

Broilers

 

 

 

 

Production (million lbs.)

46,207

46,387

  47,100

     +1.5

Consumption (lbs. per capita)

98.9

       99.5

  100.3

     +0.8

Exports (million lbs.)

7,290

7,265

   7,060

     -2.8

Proportion of production (%)

15.8

15.7

    14.9

     -5.1

 

 

 

 

 

Turkeys

 

 

 

 

Production (million lbs.)

5,222

5,457

5,375

     -1.5

Consumption (lbs. per capita)

14.6

14.8

    14.6

     -1.4

Exports (million lbs.)

407

 489

     520

    +6.3

Proportion of production (%)

 7.8

  9.0

      9.7

      7.8

Source: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook released April 17th 2024

 

 

The April USDA report updated projection for the turkey industry for 2023 including annual production of 5,457 million lbs. (2.480 million metric tons), up 4.5 percent from 2022. Consumption in 2023 was projected to be 14.8 lbs. (6.7 kg.) per capita, up 1.4 percent from the previous year. Export volume will increase by 20.1 percent in 2023 to 489 million lbs. (222,272 metric tons). Values for production and consumption of RTC turkey in 2023 are considered to be realistic, given year to date data, the prevailing economy, variable weekly poult placements, production levels, freedom from HPAI and inventories.

 

The 2024 forecast for turkey production will be 5,375 million lbs. (2.443 million metric tons) down 1.5 percent from 2023 with per capita consumption down 1.4 percent to 14.6 lbs. (6.6 kg). Exports will be 6.3 percent higher than in 2023 to 520 million lbs. (236,000 metric tons) equivalent to 9.7 percent of production.

 

Export projections do not allow for a breakdown in trade relations with existing major partners including Mexico, Canada and China nor the impact of catastrophic diseases including HPAI and vvND in either the U.S. or importing nations

 

The USDA export projection takes into account declining broiler product exports to China. For 2022, China imported 622,099 tons of broiler products valued at $1,087 million including feet at an average unit price of $1,263 per ton. Feet represented 77.8 percent of volume during 2022 (483,538 metric tons) at a unit price of $1,926 per ton. Compared to 2022, exports to China during 2023 were 34 percent lower in volume to 405,343 metric tons and 34 percent lower in value to $711 million.

 

Subscribers are referred to the monthly export report in this edition and update of production data and cold storage inventories of broilers and turkeys respectively posted in each end-of- month edition of CHICK-NEWS with the previous monthly data under the STATISTICS tab.


 

USDA Export Projections For Chicken

09/02/2022

Based on the August 12th, 2022 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates, USDA has projected chicken exports for 2022 with a forecast for 2023.

 

Broiler meat exports will amount to 3.3 million metric tons in 2022 valued at $4.2 billion.  For 2023, volume and value will be unchanged, representing a unit price excluding feet, which are not federally inspected, at $1,272 per metric ton.

 

The 2023 exports of all agricultural products will amount to $193.5 billion in 2023, balanced by imports of $197.0 billion resulting in a negative annual balance of $3.5 billion.


 

 
Copyright © 2024 Simon M. Shane